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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(12), 2781; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15122781

Spirituality but not Religiosity Is Associated with Better Health and Higher Life Satisfaction among Adolescents

1
Department of Health Psychology, Faculty of Medicine, PJ Safarik University in Kosice, Trieda SNP 1, 04011 Kosice, Slovakia
2
Department of Recreology, Faculty of Physical Culture, Palacky University Olomouc, Trida Miru 115, 771 11 Olomouc, Czech Republic
3
Department of Sociology, Andragogy and Cultural Anthropology, Faculty of Arts, Palacky University Olomouc, Katerinska 17, 772 00 Olomouc, Czech Republic
4
Reinforcement of the Expert Potential of Research Teams in the Area of Physical Activity Support at Faculty of Physical Culture, Palacky University Olomouc, Trida Miru 115, 771 11 Olomouc, Czech Republic
5
Department of Psychology and Psychopathology, Faculty of Education, Palacky University Olomouc, Zizkovo Namesti 5, 771 40 Olomouc, Czech Republic
6
Olomouc University Social Health Institute, Palacky University Olomouc, Univerzitni 22, 771 11 Olomouc, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 October 2018 / Revised: 18 November 2018 / Accepted: 3 December 2018 / Published: 7 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent Advances of Adolescents and Children Health Research)
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Abstract

Careful conceptualization and differentiation of both spirituality and religiosity is a necessary precondition for understanding the potential role they play in health, whether physical or mental. The aim of this study was to explore the associations of spirituality with self-rated health, health complaints, and life satisfaction of adolescents with the moderating role of religiosity. Data from the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study conducted in 2014 in Slovakia were used. The final sample consisted of 658 adolescents (mean age = 15.37; 50.6% boys). Data regarding spirituality, religiosity, self-rated health, health complaints, and life satisfaction were obtained. Binary logistic models revealed spirituality to be associated with self-rated health, health complaints, and life satisfaction. A moderating role of religiosity was not confirmed. The presented findings indicate the need to distinguish between the concepts of religiosity and spirituality in connection with subjective health and life satisfaction. View Full-Text
Keywords: spirituality; religiosity; self-rated health; health complaints; life satisfaction spirituality; religiosity; self-rated health; health complaints; life satisfaction
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Dankulincova Veselska, Z.; Jirasek, I.; Veselsky, P.; Jiraskova, M.; Plevova, I.; Tavel, P.; Madarasova Geckova, A. Spirituality but not Religiosity Is Associated with Better Health and Higher Life Satisfaction among Adolescents. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 2781.

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