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Open AccessArticle

Doxing Victimization and Emotional Problems among Secondary School Students in Hong Kong

Department of Applied Social Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, China
Faculty of Law, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(12), 2665;
Received: 26 October 2018 / Revised: 24 November 2018 / Accepted: 25 November 2018 / Published: 27 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Child Victimisation)
Doxing is the searching for and intentional disclosure of private information about a particular individual on the Internet without his or her consent, and is often used to exact punishment. The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between doxing victimization and emotional problems in secondary school students, paying particular regard to the impacts of different types of doxed information, the relationship between the perpetrators and victims of doxing, and the nature of the online platforms where doxing occurs. A sample of 2120 Hong Kong secondary school students of differing socioeconomic backgrounds participated in the study. The results show that almost all types of disclosed personal information result in negative feelings in victims, including depression, anxiety, and stress. Girls were also found to be more likely than boys to be doxed. Significant associations were found between emotional problems and the disclosure of mobile phone numbers and personal photos and videos; doxing conducted by schoolmates and anxiety and depression, and doxing through Instant Messenger and anxiety. Further exploration of integrated cyber violence prevention programs and research on the details of doxing are recommended. View Full-Text
Keywords: doxing; victimization; depression; anxiety; stress; privacy doxing; victimization; depression; anxiety; stress; privacy
MDPI and ACS Style

Chen, Q.; Chan, K.L.; Cheung, A.S.Y. Doxing Victimization and Emotional Problems among Secondary School Students in Hong Kong. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 2665.

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