Next Article in Journal
Patients’ Anticipation for the Pharmacies of Rural Communities: A Qualitative Study from Pakistan
Next Article in Special Issue
Doxing: What Adolescents Look for and Their Intentions
Previous Article in Journal
Trends in Workplace Injuries in Slovak Forest Enterprises
Previous Article in Special Issue
Doxing Victimization and Emotional Problems among Secondary School Students in Hong Kong
Article Menu
Issue 1 (January-1) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(1), 142; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16010142

Traditional Bullying and Discriminatory Bullying Around Special Educational Needs: Psychometric Properties of Two Instruments to Measure It

1
Department of Psychology, Universidad de Córdoba, 14071 Córdoba, Spain
2
Department of Education, University Laica Eloy Alfaro of Manabí, Manta 130802, Ecuador
3
Department of Psychology, University of Nariño, San Juan de Pasto 52001, Colombia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 November 2018 / Revised: 23 December 2018 / Accepted: 28 December 2018 / Published: 7 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Child Victimisation)
Full-Text   |   PDF [849 KB, uploaded 10 January 2019]   |  
  |   Review Reports

Abstract

Two important challenges in research on bullying are to have reliable tools to measure traditional bullying and discriminatory bullying related to special educational needs (SEN), and to learn more about their prevalence. We present the validations of two instruments to measure bullying (European Bullying Intervention Project Questionnaire, EBIPQ) and discriminatory bullying with respect to SEN (EBIPQ–Special Education Needs Discrimination version, henceforth EBIPQ-SEND). A total of 17,309 teenagers from Ecuador took part in the study (M = 14.76, SD = 1.65; 49.9% male). The item response theory analyses evidenced accuracy and quality of the measures. The confirmatory factor analyses of the EBIPQ and the EBIPQ-SEND revealed the same two-factor structure—aggression and victimization—regardless of gender, showing optimal fit indexes. We present the results of the prevalence according to the roles of participation in traditional bullying and discriminatory bullying around SEN. Significant gender and age differences were observed for involvement in both phenomena. We also discuss the advantages of applying the EBIPQ and the EBIPQ-SEND to evaluate and diagnose harassment and discriminatory harassment around SEN. View Full-Text
Keywords: bullying; discrimination; aggression; victimization; special educational needs; disabilities bullying; discrimination; aggression; victimization; special educational needs; disabilities
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Rodríguez-Hidalgo, A.J.; Alcívar, A.; Herrera-López, M. Traditional Bullying and Discriminatory Bullying Around Special Educational Needs: Psychometric Properties of Two Instruments to Measure It. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 142.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top