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Open AccessArticle

Relationship of Gallbladder Diseases with Sociodemographic Characteristics, Lifestyle, and Chronic Diseases in Northeastern China

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Jilin University, Changchun 130021, China
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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(11), 2596; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15112596
Received: 27 September 2018 / Revised: 15 November 2018 / Accepted: 16 November 2018 / Published: 21 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Health Behavior, Chronic Disease and Health Promotion)
Background: Gallbladder diseases are common in Jilin, China. However, there have been few previous studies on this disease. Our study used the chronic disease database in Jilin Province to study the factors correlated with gallbladder diseases. Methods: A total of 21,435 people were selected from the Jilin Province adult chronic disease survey conducted in 2012. Multistage stratified random cluster sampling was used in this cross-sectional study. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to explore the independent associations of different factors with gallbladder diseases. Results: There were 1876 people with gallbladder diseases, and the prevalence of the diseases was 8.8% (males 4.4%, females 12.8%). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that female (prevalence odds ratio (POR) = 3.13, 95% confidence intervals (CIs): 2.76–3.55), older people (30–45 years (POR = 2.79, 95% CIs: 2.06–3.77), 45–60 years (POR = 4.26, 95% CIs: 3.17–5.73), 60–79 years (POR = 4.72, 95% CIs: 3.48–6.41)), people living in rural areas (POR = 1.65, 95% CIs: 1.49–1.82), smoking (current smoker (POR = 1.15, 95% CIs: 1.01–1.31), former smoker (POR = 1.37, 95% CIs: 1.13–1.66)), high frequency of eating seafood (POR = 0.77, 95% CIs: 0.63–0.93), and high frequency of eating soy products (POR = 0.50, 95% CIs: 0.44–0.58) were associated with gallbladder diseases. Conclusions: We found that there were some factors associated with gallbladder disease, and there needs to be further studies to confirm these associations. View Full-Text
Keywords: gallbladder disease; relationship; cross-sectional study gallbladder disease; relationship; cross-sectional study
MDPI and ACS Style

Kang, Q.; Kang, G.; Li, R.; Zhu, X.; Yu, Y.; Yu, Q. Relationship of Gallbladder Diseases with Sociodemographic Characteristics, Lifestyle, and Chronic Diseases in Northeastern China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 2596. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15112596

AMA Style

Kang Q, Kang G, Li R, Zhu X, Yu Y, Yu Q. Relationship of Gallbladder Diseases with Sociodemographic Characteristics, Lifestyle, and Chronic Diseases in Northeastern China. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2018; 15(11):2596. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15112596

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kang, Qi; Kang, Guojun; Li, Rixin; Zhu, Xiaojing; Yu, Yaqin; Yu, Qiong. 2018. "Relationship of Gallbladder Diseases with Sociodemographic Characteristics, Lifestyle, and Chronic Diseases in Northeastern China" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 15, no. 11: 2596. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15112596

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