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Article

Factors Associated with Satisfaction of Hospital Physicians: A Systematic Review on European Data

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Institute of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Jagiellonian University Medical College, 31-531 Krakow, Poland
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Chair of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Department of Hygiene and Dietetics, Faculty of Medicine, Jagiellonian University Medical College, 31-034 Krakow, Poland
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Students’ Scientific Group of Systematic Reviews, Systematic Reviews Unit—Polish Cochrane Branch, Jagiellonian University Medical College, 31-034 Krakow, Poland
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Department of Community Health and Epidemiology, College of Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK S7N5E5, Canada
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Systematic Reviews—Polish Cochrane Branch, Jagiellonian University Medical College, 31-034 Krakow, Poland [email protected]
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Department of Diabetology and Internal Medicine, Medical University of Warsaw, 02-097 Warszawa, Poland
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(11), 2546; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15112546
Received: 22 October 2018 / Revised: 6 November 2018 / Accepted: 7 November 2018 / Published: 13 November 2018
Background: Physician satisfaction is a multidimensional concept related to many factors. Despite the wide range of research regarding factors affecting physician satisfaction in different European countries, there is a lack of literature reviews analyzing and summarizing current evidence. The aim of the article is to synthetize the literature studying the factors associated with physician satisfaction. Methods: We searched: MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, CINAHL and the Cochrane Library from January 2000 to January 2017. The eligibility criteria included: (1) target population: physicians working in European hospitals; (2) quantitative research aimed at assessing physician satisfaction and associated factors; (3) use of validated tools. We performed a narrative synthesis. Results: After screening 8585 records, 368 full text articles were independently checked and finally 24 studies were included for qualitative analysis. The included studies surveyed 20,000 doctors from 12 European countries. The tools and scales used in the analyzed research to measure physician satisfaction varied to a large extent. We extracted all pre-specified factors, reported as statistically significant/non-significant. Analyzed factors were divided into three groups: personal, intrinsic and contextual factors. The majority of factors are modifiable and positively associated with characteristics of contextual factors, such as work-place setting/work environment. In the group of work-place related factors, quality of management/leadership, opportunity for professional development and colleague support have been deemed statistically significant in numerous studies. Conclusions: We identified more studies appraising the effect of contextual factors (such as work environment, work-place characteristics), highlighting a positive association between those factors and physician satisfaction, compared with personal and intrinsic factors. Numerous studies confirmed statistically significant associations between physician satisfaction and quality of management, professional development and colleague support/team climate. Due to the health workforce crisis, knowledge regarding physician satisfaction and associated factors is essential to healthcare managers and policy makers for more stable human resources management. View Full-Text
Keywords: physician satisfaction; job satisfaction; work environment; hospitals; factors associated physician satisfaction; job satisfaction; work environment; hospitals; factors associated
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MDPI and ACS Style

Domagała, A.; Bała, M.M.; Storman, D.; Peña-Sánchez, J.N.; Świerz, M.J.; Kaczmarczyk, M.; Storman, M. Factors Associated with Satisfaction of Hospital Physicians: A Systematic Review on European Data. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 2546. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15112546

AMA Style

Domagała A, Bała MM, Storman D, Peña-Sánchez JN, Świerz MJ, Kaczmarczyk M, Storman M. Factors Associated with Satisfaction of Hospital Physicians: A Systematic Review on European Data. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2018; 15(11):2546. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15112546

Chicago/Turabian Style

Domagała, Alicja; Bała, Małgorzata M.; Storman, Dawid; Peña-Sánchez, Juan N.; Świerz, Mateusz J.; Kaczmarczyk, Mateusz; Storman, Monika. 2018. "Factors Associated with Satisfaction of Hospital Physicians: A Systematic Review on European Data" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 15, no. 11: 2546. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15112546

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