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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(11), 2488; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15112488

Influence of Employment Conditions and Length of Residence on Adherence to Dietary Recommendations in Immigrant Workers in Spain

1
Preventive Medicine and Public Health area, Faculty of Health Science, University of Alicante, 03690 Alicante, Spain
2
Immigration and Health Program, CIBERESP, 28029 Madrid, Spain
3
Research Group on Food and Nutrition (ALINUT), University of Alicante, 03690 Alicante, Spain
4
Research and Analysis Service IT/EP, MC Mutual, 08037 Barcelona, Spain
5
Department of Statistics, Technical University of Catalonia, 08028 Barcelona, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 September 2018 / Revised: 3 November 2018 / Accepted: 5 November 2018 / Published: 8 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Migration, Work and Health)
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Abstract

The objective of this article is to analyze the influence of employment conditions on adherence to dietary recommendations among those born in Spain and immigrants by their time of residence. Data were used from the Platform of Longitudinal Studies of Immigrant Families (PELFI) cohort (n = 215) to compare Spaniards and immigrants with <14 and >14 years of residence. The questionnaire on frequency of food consumption (15 items) was used to measure adherence to dietary recommendations. Logistic regression models were used, adjusting for sociodemographic characteristics and employment conditions. Adherence to dietary recommendations was greater among Spaniards, followed by immigrants with >14 years of residence and <14 years of residence. The greatest adherence among Spaniards was for eggs (immigrants ≥ 14 years: 1/ORa = 2.89, <14 years: 1/ORa = 3.92), fish (immigrants ≥ 14 immigrants: 1/ORa = 2.33, <14 years: 1/ORa = 4.72), vegetables (immigrants ≥ 14 years: 1/ORa = 3.26, <14 years: 1/ORa = 4.87), dairy products (immigrants ≥ 14 years: 1/ORa = 14.34, <14 years: 1/ORa = 26.78), and sugary drinks (immigrants ≥14 years: 1/ORa = 2.12, <14 years: 1/ORa = 3.48), and the lowest adherence was for the consumption of sausages and cold cuts (immigrants ≥ 14 years: Ora = 7.62, <14 years: ORa = 24.65). Adjusting for sociodemographic and employment conditions variables did not result in variation in the observed differences between Spaniards, immigrants with <14 years of residence, and immigrants with >14 years of residence. View Full-Text
Keywords: food consumption; diet; Spain; acculturation; occupational health; migration food consumption; diet; Spain; acculturation; occupational health; migration
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Benazizi, I.; Ronda-Pérez, E.; Ortíz-Moncada, R.; Martínez-Martínez, J.M. Influence of Employment Conditions and Length of Residence on Adherence to Dietary Recommendations in Immigrant Workers in Spain. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 2488.

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