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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(11), 2366; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15112366

Challenges in Accessing Health Care for People with Disability in the South Asian Context: A Review

1
Indian Institute of Public Health & South Asia Centre for Disability Inclusive Development & Research, Hyderabad 500033, India
2
Public Health Eye Care & Disability, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London WC1E7HT, UK
3
Indian Institute of Public Health, ANV Arcade, 1 Amar Cooperative Society, Kavuri Hills, Madhapur, Hyderabad 500033, India
Received: 7 September 2018 / Revised: 4 October 2018 / Accepted: 16 October 2018 / Published: 26 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Disability and Global Health)
Full-Text   |   PDF [281 KB, uploaded 26 October 2018]

Abstract

South Asia is a unique geopolitical region covering 3.4% of the world’s surface area and supporting 25% of the world’s population (1.75 billion). Available evidence from South Asia shows variable estimates of the magnitude of disability. The projected magnitude depends on whether an impairment focus is highlighted (approximately 1.6–2.1%) or functionality is given precedence (3.6–15.6%). People with disability (PWD) face significant challenges to accessing health care in the region. Studies show that adults with disability reported a four times higher incidence of a serious health problem in a year’s recall period. Evidence shows a significantly higher rate (17.8%) of hospitalization among PWD compared to others (5%). Chronic conditions like diabetes were also significantly higher. Women with disability had significantly more concerns on reproductive health issues. Studies from the South Asia region reveal that not only did PWD have a higher load of adverse health outcomes but they also faced significantly more barriers in accessing health services. View Full-Text
Keywords: access; barriers; disability; health care; India; South Asia access; barriers; disability; health care; India; South Asia
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Gudlavalleti, V.S.M. Challenges in Accessing Health Care for People with Disability in the South Asian Context: A Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 2366.

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