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Open AccessArticle

Direct and Indirect Effects of Belief in a Just World and Supervisor Support on Burnout via Bullying

1
Department of Psychology, Laboratory Psitec, University of Lille, 59650 Villeneuve d’Ascq, France
2
Department of Psychology, Laboratory PAV, University of Tours, 37020 Tours, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(11), 2330; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15112330
Received: 19 September 2018 / Revised: 17 October 2018 / Accepted: 19 October 2018 / Published: 23 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Health Behavior, Chronic Disease and Health Promotion)
The aim of the study was to examine the mediating role of workplace bullying in how supervisor support and belief in a just world (BJW) are related to emotional exhaustion. A cross-sectional quantitative study using anonymous self-report questionnaires was conducted with 434 workers in France. The model was tested using a path analysis. First, the results revealed that BJW and support from the hierarchy were negatively related to emotional exhaustion. BJW and supervisor support were also negatively related to workplace bullying. Finally, harassment at work was positively related to emotional exhaustion. More generally, the results showed that social support from one’s superior and BJW were directly and indirectly related to emotional exhaustion via bullying at work. Our model thus suggests that BJW and supervisor support can be protective resources against bullying and exhaustion. We discuss the theoretical and practical implications of the present study, as well as some avenues for future research. View Full-Text
Keywords: workplace bullying; burnout; supervisor support; belief in a just world; mediation workplace bullying; burnout; supervisor support; belief in a just world; mediation
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Desrumaux, P.; Gillet, N.; Nicolas, C. Direct and Indirect Effects of Belief in a Just World and Supervisor Support on Burnout via Bullying. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 2330.

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