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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(1), 1; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15010001

Bicycle Facilities That Address Safety, Crime, and Economic Development: Perceptions from Morelia, Mexico

1
Instituto de Investigaciones Económicas y Empresariales, Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo, 58040 Morelia, Mexico
2
Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health, 655 Huntington Avenue, Building II Room 314, Boston, MA 02115, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 November 2017 / Revised: 7 December 2017 / Accepted: 8 December 2017 / Published: 22 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Transportation and Health)
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Abstract

México is a developing nation and, in the city of Morelia, the concept of the bicyclist as a road user appeared only recently in the Municipal Traffic Regulations. Perhaps the right bicycle infrastructure could address safety, crime, and economic development. To identify the best infrastructure, six groups in Morelia ranked and commented on pictures of bicycle environments that exist in bicycle-friendly nations. Perceptions about bike paths, but only those with impossible-to-be-driven-over solid barriers, were associated with safety from crashes, lowering crime, and contributing to economic development. Shared use paths were associated with lowering the probability of car/bike crashes but lacked the potential to deter crime and foster the local economy. Joint bus and bike lanes were associated with lower safety because of the unwillingness by Mexican bus drivers to be courteous to bicyclists. Gender differences about crash risk biking in the road with the cars (6 best/0 worst scenario) were statistically significant (1.4 for male versus 0.69 for female; p < 0.001). For crashes, crime, and economic development, perceptions about bicycle infrastructure were different in this developing nation perhaps because policy, institutional context, and policing (ticketing for unlawful parking) are not the same as in a developed nation. Countries such as Mexico should consider building cycle tracks with solid barriers to address safety, crime, and economic development. View Full-Text
Keywords: bicycle infrastructure; bicycling choice; crash safety; crime lowering; economic development; developing nation bicycle infrastructure; bicycling choice; crash safety; crime lowering; economic development; developing nation
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Alveano-Aguerrebere, I.; Javier Ayvar-Campos, F.; Farvid, M.; Lusk, A. Bicycle Facilities That Address Safety, Crime, and Economic Development: Perceptions from Morelia, Mexico. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1.

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