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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(12), 1549; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14121549

Practicing Dentists’ Self-Efficacy and Associated Factors in Managing the Treatment of Adults with Mental and Physical Disabilities: An Exploratory Cross-Sectional Study in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

1
Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics, College of Dentistry, King Saud University, Riyadh 11545, Saudi Arabia
2
Department of Preventive Dental Sciences, Taibah University Dental College & Hospital, Al-Madinah Al-Munawwrah 42353, Saudi Arabia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 September 2017 / Revised: 25 November 2017 / Accepted: 5 December 2017 / Published: 11 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Occupational Safety and Health)
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Abstract

Background: Provision of oral healthcare to adults with mental and physical disabilities (AMPD) remains a challenging area across various healthcare systems. The present study aimed to assess self-reported efficacy and investigate factors associated with self-efficacy in the management of AMPD among practicing dentists in Saudi Arabia. Methods: A pilot-tested, self-administered questionnaire was distributed to a convenience sample of 1000 dentists. Descriptive and inferential analyses were performed on the collected responses. Results: Among the respondents (54%), 43% were males. Only 14% described their self-efficacy in managing AMPD as “High”. Multivariable regression analyses revealed significant associations between “High” self-efficacy and male gender (Odd ratio (OR) = 2.39, 95% CI = 1.16–4.89), experience practicing dentistry for 11 years or more (OR = 2.19, 95% CI = 1.04–4.47), specialization in pediatric dentistry (OR = 3.98, 95% CI = 1.31–12.07), previous experience in managing AMPD (OR = 4.23, 95% CI = 1.59–11.22), and awareness of regulations for managing AMPD (OR = 2.62, 95% CI = 1.42–4.38). The interaction of gender x age was significantly associated (p = 0.028) with “High” self-efficacy. Gender-stratified analyses revealed a significant association between age and “High” self-efficacy among male dentists only. Conclusions: The findings of the present study highlight that a large percentage of dentists reported “Low/Moderate” self-efficacy in managing AMPD, particularly among female dentists. However, further studies are required to verify the factors associated with self-efficacy in the present study, and to identify other factors that may influence self-efficacy in managing AMPD. View Full-Text
Keywords: dental care for disabled; dentist self-efficacy; mental disability; physically disabled dental care for disabled; dentist self-efficacy; mental disability; physically disabled
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AlQahtani, S.; Murshid, E.Z.; Fadel, H.T.; Kassim, S. Practicing Dentists’ Self-Efficacy and Associated Factors in Managing the Treatment of Adults with Mental and Physical Disabilities: An Exploratory Cross-Sectional Study in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1549.

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