Next Article in Journal
The Risk Implications of Globalisation: An Exploratory Analysis of 105 Major Industrial Incidents (1971–2010)
Next Article in Special Issue
Nutrient Intake and Depression Symptoms in Spanish Children: The ANIVA Study
Previous Article in Journal
Fungi from a Groundwater-Fed Drinking Water Supply System in Brazil
Previous Article in Special Issue
Association of Maternal and Child Health Center (Posyandu) Availability with Child Weight Status in Indonesia: A National Study
Open AccessArticle

Adolescent Overweight and Obesity: Links to Socioeconomic Status and Fruit and Vegetable Intakes

College of Nursing, Korea University, Anam-Dong, Seongbuk-Gu, Seoul 137-705, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Maria M. Morales Suarez-Varela
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(3), 307; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph13030307
Received: 5 January 2016 / Revised: 20 February 2016 / Accepted: 1 March 2016 / Published: 9 March 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Children, Adolescents and Nutrition)
Whether adolescent overweight/obesity is linked to socioeconomic status (SES) and fruit and vegetable (F/V) intakes has not been confirmed. We aimed to determine whether there is an association between SES and adolescent overweight/obesity and to test the mediating effect of F/V intakes. This cross-sectional study included the data of 63,111 adolescents extracted from the 2013 Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey. Overweight/obesity was defined as a body mass index ≥ 85th percentile, while F/V intakes were categorized as high (recommended levels: ≥1 fruit serving and ≥3 vegetable servings per day) versus low. Among girls, low SES (beta = 0.50, p < 0.001) and F/V intakes (beta = −0.17, p = 0.038) were both significantly associated with overweight/obesity; the former association was significantly mediated by F/V intakes (Sobel test: z = 2.00, p = 0.046). Among boys, neither SES nor F/V intakes was significantly associated with overweight/obesity. Adolescent overweight/obesity was significantly linked to low SES and F/V intakes among girls only; low SES indirectly increased the risk of overweight/obesity via low F/V intakes. Therefore, promoting F/V intakes for socially disadvantaged girls should be prioritized as a population-based strategy for preventing adolescent overweight/obesity in South Korea. View Full-Text
Keywords: social class; fruit and vegetable intake; adolescent; obesity; overweight social class; fruit and vegetable intake; adolescent; obesity; overweight
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

You, J.; Choo, J. Adolescent Overweight and Obesity: Links to Socioeconomic Status and Fruit and Vegetable Intakes. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 307.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop