Next Article in Journal
Salivary Alpha-Amylase Reactivity in Breast Cancer Survivors
Next Article in Special Issue
Ferritin Levels in Colombian Children: Findings from the 2010 National Nutrition Survey (ENSIN)
Previous Article in Journal
The Effects of Coarse Particles on Daily Mortality: A Case-Crossover Study in a Subtropical City, Taipei, Taiwan
Previous Article in Special Issue
Adolescent Overweight and Obesity: Links to Socioeconomic Status and Fruit and Vegetable Intakes
 
 
Article

Nutrient Intake and Depression Symptoms in Spanish Children: The ANIVA Study

1
Unit of Public Health, Hygiene and Environmental Health, Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Food Science, Toxicology and Legal Medicine, University of Valencia, Valencia 46100, Spain
2
Biomedical Research Center Network on Epidemiology and Public Health (CIBERESP), Madrid 28029, Spain
3
Center for Advanced Research in Public Health (CSISP-FISABIO), Valencia 46010, Spain
4
Food and Environmental Safety Research Group, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Valencia, Valencia 46100, Spain
5
Research Center on Desertification (CIDE, UV-CSIC-GV), Carretera Moncada-Náquera, Moncada 46113, Spain
6
Department of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychology, La Fe University and Polytechnic Hospital, Valencia 46026, Spain
7
Department of Psychiatry, University of Valencia, Valencia 46100, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(3), 352; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph13030352
Received: 21 January 2016 / Revised: 14 March 2016 / Accepted: 17 March 2016 / Published: 22 March 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Children, Adolescents and Nutrition)
The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between nutritional intake and depressive symptoms in Valencian schoolchildren. The ANIVA (Antropometria y Nutricion Infantil de Valencia) study is a descriptive cross-sectional study. During academic year 2013–2014, 710 schoolchildren aged 6–9 years were selected from eleven primary schools in Valencia (Spain). Children’s dietary intake was measured on three-day food records, completed by parents/guardians; children completed the 20-item Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale for Children (CES-DC) Questionnaire to measure depressive symptoms. Weight, height, and body mass index (BMI), and z-scores were evaluated in all subjects. Nutrient adequacy was assessed using Spanish dietary recommended intakes (DRIs); 20.70% of the sample presented depressive symptoms. We identified a positive association between children with depressive symptoms and non-depressive symptoms for thiamin, vitamin K, and bromine (p < 0.05), and a negative association for protein, carbohydrates, pantothenic acid, biotin, vitamin B12 and E, zinc, manganese, cobalt, and aluminum (p < 0.05). Statistically significant differences were found between both groups according to the DRIs for intakes of total energy (p = 0.026), fiber (p < 0.001), vitamin C (p < 0.001), vitamin E (p = 0.004), magnesium (p = 0.018), and iron (p = 0.013). Our results demonstrated that carbohydrates were the most closely associated factor with depressive symptoms, and highlight the potential significant public health implications of inadequate nutritional intake on schoolchildren’s mental health. View Full-Text
Keywords: nutrients intake; nutritional intake; nutrition; depressive symptoms; carbohydrates; children nutrients intake; nutritional intake; nutrition; depressive symptoms; carbohydrates; children
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Rubio-López, N.; Morales-Suárez-Varela, M.; Pico, Y.; Livianos-Aldana, L.; Llopis-González, A. Nutrient Intake and Depression Symptoms in Spanish Children: The ANIVA Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 352. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph13030352

AMA Style

Rubio-López N, Morales-Suárez-Varela M, Pico Y, Livianos-Aldana L, Llopis-González A. Nutrient Intake and Depression Symptoms in Spanish Children: The ANIVA Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2016; 13(3):352. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph13030352

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rubio-López, Nuria, María Morales-Suárez-Varela, Yolanda Pico, Lorenzo Livianos-Aldana, and Agustín Llopis-González. 2016. "Nutrient Intake and Depression Symptoms in Spanish Children: The ANIVA Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 13, no. 3: 352. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph13030352

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop