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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(10), 13624-13648;

Immigrant Mental Health, A Public Health Issue: Looking Back and Moving Forward

Faculty of Community Services, Ryerson University, 99 Gerrard Street East, SHE-690; 350 Victoria Street, Toronto, ON M5B 2K3, Canada
Community Studies, Sheridan College, 7899 McLaughlin Road, Brampton, ON L6Y 5H9, Canada
School of Nursing; Ryerson University, Faculty of Community Services; 350 Victoria Street, Toronto, ON M5B 2K3, Canada
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Sloane Burke Winkelman
Received: 22 July 2015 / Revised: 24 September 2015 / Accepted: 20 October 2015 / Published: 27 October 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Migrant Health)
Full-Text   |   PDF [259 KB, uploaded 28 October 2015]   |  


The Mental Health Commission of Canada’s (MHCC) strategy calls for promoting the health and wellbeing of all Canadians and to improve mental health outcomes. Each year, one in every five Canadians experiences one or more mental health problems, creating a significant cost to the health system. Mental health is pivotal to holistic health and wellbeing. This paper presents the key findings of a comprehensive literature review of Canadian research on the relationship between settlement experiences and the mental health and well-being of immigrants and refugees. A scoping review was conducted following a framework provided by Arskey and O’Malley (Int J Soc Res Methodol 8:19–32, 2005). Over two decades of relevant literature on immigrants’ health in Canada was searched. These included English language peer-reviewed publications from relevant online databases Medline, Embase, PsycInfo, Healthstar, ERIC and CINAHL between 1990 and 2015. The findings revealed three important ways in which settlement affects the mental health of immigrants and refugees: through acculturation related stressors, economic uncertainty and ethnic discrimination. The recommendations for public health practice and policy are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: immigrants; settlement; mental health; public health; Canada immigrants; settlement; mental health; public health; Canada

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George, U.; Thomson, M.S.; Chaze, F.; Guruge, S. Immigrant Mental Health, A Public Health Issue: Looking Back and Moving Forward. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 13624-13648.

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