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Mar. Drugs 2018, 16(8), 265; https://doi.org/10.3390/md16080265

Secondary Metabolites and Biological Activity of Invasive Macroalgae of Southern Europe

1
LAQV-REQUIMTE, Departamento de Química, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Universidade NOVA de Lisboa, 2829-516 Caparica, Portugal
2
Sea4Us—Biotecnologia de Recursos Marinhos, Ltd., 8650-378 Sagres, Portugal
3
Nova Medical School/Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Campo Mártires da Pátria, 1169-056 Lisboa, Portugal
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 June 2018 / Revised: 29 July 2018 / Accepted: 31 July 2018 / Published: 2 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Progress on Marine Natural Products as Lead Compounds)
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Abstract

In this review a brief description of the invasive phenomena associated with algae and its consequences on the ecosystem are presented. Three examples of invasive algae of Southern Europe, belonging to Rodophyta, Chlorophyta, and Phaeophyta, were selected, and a brief description of each genus is presented. A full description of their secondary metabolites and biological activity is given and a summary of the biological activity of extracts is also included. In Asparagopsis we encounter mainly halogenated compounds. From Caulerpa, several terpenoids and alkaloids were isolated, while in Sargassum, meroterpenoids prevail. View Full-Text
Keywords: invasive species; Asparagopsis sp.; Caulerpa sp.; Sargassum sp.; chemistry and biological activity invasive species; Asparagopsis sp.; Caulerpa sp.; Sargassum sp.; chemistry and biological activity
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Máximo, P.; Ferreira, L.M.; Branco, P.; Lima, P.; Lourenço, A. Secondary Metabolites and Biological Activity of Invasive Macroalgae of Southern Europe. Mar. Drugs 2018, 16, 265.

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