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Mar. Drugs 2018, 16(10), 356; https://doi.org/10.3390/md16100356

Metabolomic Investigations on Nesterenkonia flava Revealed Significant Differences between Marine and Terrestrial Actinomycetes

1
State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Marine Genetic Resources, Fujian Key Laboratory of Marine Genetic Resources, South China Sea Bio-Resource Exploitation and Utilization Collaborative Innovation Center, Third Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration, 184 Daxue Road, Xiamen 361005, China
2
College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, The Key Laboratory for Chemical Biology of Fujian Province, MOE Key Laboratory of Spectrochemical Analysis & Instrumentation, Xiamen University, 422 Siming South Road, Xiamen 361005, China
3
Center for Molecular Metabolism, School of Environmental and Biological Engineering, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, 200 Xiaolingwei Street, Nanjing 210094, China
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 September 2018 / Revised: 21 September 2018 / Accepted: 27 September 2018 / Published: 30 September 2018
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Abstract

Marine microorganisms are an important source of natural products with potent bioactivities. Unlike the land, the ocean, especially the deep-sea, is characterized by high pressure, high salinity, low nutrition, and no light among others. Therefore, the biodiversity of marine microorganisms is supposed to be very different from that of the terrestrial ones. Yet, many marine microorganisms can find their counterparts in terrestrial environments. To evaluate their differences, a comparative metabolomics investigation was performed on four strains of Nesterenkonia flava isolated from terrestrial and marine environments. As a result, marine strains were clearly distinguished from terrestrial ones on the principal components analysis (PCA) score plot. Furthermore, by partial least squares discrimination analysis (PLS-DA) and univariate analysis, the characteristic metabolites were figured out and found to be involved in osmotic regulation, redox balancing, and energy metabolism. Our results demonstrated that marine actinomycetes could produce novel secondary metabolites different from their terrestrial relatives because they have special metabolic patterns closely related to the unique features of their living environment. View Full-Text
Keywords: microorganism; metabolism; environment microorganism; metabolism; environment
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Xie, C.-L.; Xia, J.-M.; Wang, J.-S.; Lin, D.-H.; Yang, X.-W. Metabolomic Investigations on Nesterenkonia flava Revealed Significant Differences between Marine and Terrestrial Actinomycetes. Mar. Drugs 2018, 16, 356.

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