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Mar. Drugs 2017, 15(10), 315;

Algal Foams Applied in Fixed-Bed Process for Lead(II) Removal Using Recirculation or One-Pass Modes

IMT Mines Alès, Materials Research Center, 6 Avenue de Clavières, F-30319 Alès CEDEX, France
European Institute of Membranes, IEM (UMR-5635, University of Montpellier, ENSCM, CNRS), Place Eugène Bataillon, 34095 Montpellier CEDEX 5, France
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 August 2017 / Revised: 10 October 2017 / Accepted: 13 October 2017 / Published: 17 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Marine Compounds Used in Biosorption)
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The incorporation of brown algae into biopolymer beads or foams for metal sorption has been previously reported. However, the direct use of these biomasses for preparing foams is a new approach. In this study, two kinds of porous foams were prepared by ionotropic gelation using algal biomass (AB, Laminaria digitata) or alginate (as the reference) and applied for Pb(II) sorption. These foams (manufactured as macroporous discs) were packed in filtration holders (simulating fixed-bed column) and the system was operated in either a recirculation or a one-pass mode. Sorption isotherms, uptake kinetics and sorbent reuse were studied in the recirculation mode (analogous to batch system). In the one-pass mode (continuous fixed-bed system), the influence of parameters such as flow rate, feed metal concentration and bed height were investigated on both sorption and desorption. In addition, the effect of Cu(II) on Pb(II) recovery from binary solutions was also studied in terms of both sorption and desorption. Sorption isotherms are well fitted by the Langmuir equation while the pseudo-second order rate equation described well both sorption and desorption kinetic profiles. The study of material regeneration confirms that the reuse of the foams was feasible with a small mass loss, even after 9 cycles. In the one-pass mode, for alginate foams, a slower flow rate led to a smaller saturation volume, while the effect of flow rate was less marked for AB foams. Competitive study suggests that the foams have a preference for Pb(II) over Cu(II) but cannot selectively remove Pb(II) from the binary solution. View Full-Text
Keywords: lead; fixed-bed column; alga; foam; sorption; desorption lead; fixed-bed column; alga; foam; sorption; desorption

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Wang, S.; Vincent, T.; Faur, C.; Guibal, E. Algal Foams Applied in Fixed-Bed Process for Lead(II) Removal Using Recirculation or One-Pass Modes. Mar. Drugs 2017, 15, 315.

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