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Article

Effects of Task-Specific Training after Cognitive Sensorimotor Exercise on Proprioception, Spasticity, and Gait Speed in Stroke Patients: A Randomized Controlled Study

1
Department of Physical Therapy, Gimcheon University, 214 Daehak-ro, Gimcheon-si 39528, Korea
2
Department of Physical Therapy, Korea National University of Transportation, 61 Daehak-ro, Jeungpyeong-gun 27909, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Guido Bondolfi
Medicina 2021, 57(10), 1098; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina57101098
Received: 15 September 2021 / Revised: 29 September 2021 / Accepted: 11 October 2021 / Published: 13 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Neurology)
Background and objectives: Common problems in stroke patients include loss of proprioception, spasticity, and impaired gait. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of task-specific training (TST) combined with cognitive sensorimotor exercise (CSE) on proprioception, spasticity and gait speed in stroke patients. Materials andMethods: Thirty-seven subjects were randomly divided into three groups; (1) the TST after CSE group (Experimental I, n = 13); (2) the TST group (Experimental II, n = 12), and (3) a conventional physical therapy training group (control group, n = 12). Evaluations were performed before the commencement of training and again eight weeks after training was initiated. An electrogoniometer was used to evaluate proprioception variation. The composite spasticity score (CSS) and MyotonePRO were used to evaluate spasticity. In addition, 10 m walk test was used to assess gait speed. Results: After training, the Experimental I group showed significant improvement in proprioception compared to the Experimental II and control group (p < 0.05). In CSS, gastrocnemius muscle tone (GMT) and gait speed among three groups, Experimental I group differed significantly after eight weeks of training compared to the control group (p < 0.05). Conclusions: These findings suggest that the TST combined with CSE provided significant improvements in proprioception, spasticity, and gait speed. View Full-Text
Keywords: cognitive sensorimotor exercise; task-specific; proprioception; spasticity; stroke cognitive sensorimotor exercise; task-specific; proprioception; spasticity; stroke
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kim, K.-H.; Jang, S.-H. Effects of Task-Specific Training after Cognitive Sensorimotor Exercise on Proprioception, Spasticity, and Gait Speed in Stroke Patients: A Randomized Controlled Study. Medicina 2021, 57, 1098. https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina57101098

AMA Style

Kim K-H, Jang S-H. Effects of Task-Specific Training after Cognitive Sensorimotor Exercise on Proprioception, Spasticity, and Gait Speed in Stroke Patients: A Randomized Controlled Study. Medicina. 2021; 57(10):1098. https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina57101098

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kim, Kyung-Hun, and Sang-Hun Jang. 2021. "Effects of Task-Specific Training after Cognitive Sensorimotor Exercise on Proprioception, Spasticity, and Gait Speed in Stroke Patients: A Randomized Controlled Study" Medicina 57, no. 10: 1098. https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina57101098

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