Next Article in Journal
The Controversial History of Hormone Replacement Therapy
Previous Article in Journal
Relationship between Serum Uric Acid Levels and Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in Non-Obese Patients
Review

An Overview of the Cardiorespiratory Hypothesis and Its Potential Contribution to the Care of Neurodegenerative Disease in Africa

1
Unité de Recherche Pluridisciplinaire Sport Santé Société (URePSSS-EA 7369), Univ. Artois, Univ. Lille, Univ. Littoral Côte d’Opale, F-59000 Lille, France
2
Interdisciplinary School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON K1S 5S9, Canada
3
Laboratoire Sciences de la Cognition, Technologie, Ergonomie (SCoTE-EA7420), Université de Toulouse, INU Champollion, 81012 Albi, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicina 2019, 55(9), 601; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina55090601
Received: 26 June 2019 / Revised: 11 September 2019 / Accepted: 12 September 2019 / Published: 17 September 2019
One hypothesis that could explain the beneficial effects of physical exercise on cognitive function is the cardiorespiratory hypothesis. This hypothesis proposes that improved cognitive functioning may be in part a result of the physiological processes that occur after physical exercise such as: Increased cerebral perfusion and regional cerebral blood flow. These processes ensure increased oxygenation and glucose transportation to the brain, which together can improve cognitive function. The objective of this narrative review is to examine the contribution of this hypothesis in the care of African older adults with neurodegenerative conditions (i.e., dementia (Alzheimer’s disease)) or with mild cognitive impairments. Although studies in developed countries have examined people of African descent (i.e., with African Americans), only the limited findings presented in this review reflect how these conditions are also important for the African continent. This review revealed that no studies have examined the effects of cardiorespiratory fitness on neurodegenerative disease in Africa. African nations, like many other developing countries, have an aging population that is growing and will face an increased risk of neurodegenerative declines. It is therefore imperative that new research projects be developed to explore the role of the cardiorespiratory fitness in neurodegenerative disease prevention in African nations. View Full-Text
Keywords: cardiorespiratory hypothesis; Africa; neurodegenerative disease cardiorespiratory hypothesis; Africa; neurodegenerative disease
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Agbangla, N.F.; Fraser, S.A.; Albinet, C.T. An Overview of the Cardiorespiratory Hypothesis and Its Potential Contribution to the Care of Neurodegenerative Disease in Africa. Medicina 2019, 55, 601. https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina55090601

AMA Style

Agbangla NF, Fraser SA, Albinet CT. An Overview of the Cardiorespiratory Hypothesis and Its Potential Contribution to the Care of Neurodegenerative Disease in Africa. Medicina. 2019; 55(9):601. https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina55090601

Chicago/Turabian Style

Agbangla, Nounagnon F., Sarah A. Fraser, and Cédric T. Albinet 2019. "An Overview of the Cardiorespiratory Hypothesis and Its Potential Contribution to the Care of Neurodegenerative Disease in Africa" Medicina 55, no. 9: 601. https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina55090601

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop