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Review

Wearable Sensors in Sports for Persons with Disability: A Systematic Review

1
Interuniversity Centre of Bioengineering of the Human Neuromusculoskeletal System, Department of Movement, Human and Health Sciences, University of Rome “Foro Italico”, Piazza L. De Bosis 6, 00135 Rome, Italy
2
BioRobotics Institute, Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna, 56025 Pisa, Italy
3
Joint Veteran Center, Scientific Department, Army Medical Center, 00184 Rome, Italy
4
IRCCS Fondazione Don Carlo Gnocchi, 50143 Firenze, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Christian Peham
Sensors 2021, 21(5), 1858; https://doi.org/10.3390/s21051858
Received: 29 December 2020 / Revised: 8 February 2021 / Accepted: 1 March 2021 / Published: 7 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Feature Papers in Physical Sensors Section 2020)
The interest and competitiveness in sports for persons with disabilities has increased significantly in the recent years, creating a demand for technological tools supporting practice. Wearable sensors offer non-invasive, portable and overall convenient ways to monitor sports practice. This systematic review aims at providing current evidence on the application of wearable sensors in sports for persons with disability. A search for articles published in English before May 2020 was performed on Scopus, Web-Of-Science, PubMed and EBSCO databases, searching titles, abstracts and keywords with a search string involving terms regarding wearable sensors, sports and disability. After full paper screening, 39 studies were included. Inertial and EMG sensors were the most commonly adopted wearable technologies, while wheelchair sports were the most investigated. Four main target applications of wearable sensors relevant to sports for people with disability were identified and discussed: athlete classification, injury prevention, performance characterization for training optimization and equipment customization. The collected evidence provides an overview on the application of wearable sensors in sports for persons with disability, providing useful indication for researchers, coaches and trainers. Several gaps in the different target applications are highlighted altogether with recommendation on future directions. View Full-Text
Keywords: sport technology; athletes; biomechanics; inertial sensors; electromyography; paralympic sport technology; athletes; biomechanics; inertial sensors; electromyography; paralympic
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MDPI and ACS Style

Rum, L.; Sten, O.; Vendrame, E.; Belluscio, V.; Camomilla, V.; Vannozzi, G.; Truppa, L.; Notarantonio, M.; Sciarra, T.; Lazich, A.; Mannini, A.; Bergamini, E. Wearable Sensors in Sports for Persons with Disability: A Systematic Review. Sensors 2021, 21, 1858. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21051858

AMA Style

Rum L, Sten O, Vendrame E, Belluscio V, Camomilla V, Vannozzi G, Truppa L, Notarantonio M, Sciarra T, Lazich A, Mannini A, Bergamini E. Wearable Sensors in Sports for Persons with Disability: A Systematic Review. Sensors. 2021; 21(5):1858. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21051858

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rum, Lorenzo, Oscar Sten, Eleonora Vendrame, Valeria Belluscio, Valentina Camomilla, Giuseppe Vannozzi, Luigi Truppa, Marco Notarantonio, Tommaso Sciarra, Aldo Lazich, Andrea Mannini, and Elena Bergamini. 2021. "Wearable Sensors in Sports for Persons with Disability: A Systematic Review" Sensors 21, no. 5: 1858. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21051858

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