Next Article in Journal
Chemical Sensors for Farm-to-Table Monitoring of Fruit Quality
Previous Article in Journal
A Novel Pix2Pix Enabled Traveling Wave-Based Fault Location Method
Previous Article in Special Issue
Wideband Epidermal Antenna for Medical Radiometry
 
 
Article

Breathable Textile Rectangular Ring Microstrip Patch Antenna at 2.45 GHz for Wearable Applications

1
Centre for Textile Science and Engineering, Department of Materials, Textiles and Chemical Engineering, Ghent University, 9052 Ghent, Belgium
2
Department of Textile, Mehran University of Engineering & Technology, 76020 Jamshoro, Pakistan
3
Department of Information Technology, Faculty of Engineering and Architecture imec-IDLab, Ghent University, 9052 Ghent, Belgium
4
Fashion and Textiles Innovation Lab FTILab+, HOGENT University of Applied Sciences and Arts, 9051 Ghent, Belgium
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Sima Noghanian
Sensors 2021, 21(5), 1635; https://doi.org/10.3390/s21051635
Received: 26 November 2020 / Revised: 16 February 2021 / Accepted: 22 February 2021 / Published: 26 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wearable Antennas)
A textile patch antenna is an attractive package for wearable applications as it offers flexibility, less weight, easy integration into the garment and better comfort to the wearer. When it comes to wearability, above all, comfort comes ahead of the rest of the properties. The air permeability and the water vapor permeability of textiles are linked to the thermophysiological comfort of the wearer as they help to improve the breathability of textiles. This paper includes the construction of a breathable textile rectangular ring microstrip patch antenna with improved water vapor permeability. A selection of high air permeable conductive fabrics and 3-dimensional knitted spacer dielectric substrates was made to ensure better water vapor permeability of the breathable textile rectangular ring microstrip patch antenna. To further improve the water vapor permeability of the breathable textile rectangular ring microstrip patch antenna, a novel approach of inserting a large number of small-sized holes of 1 mm diameter in the conductive layers (the patch and the ground plane) of the antenna was adopted. Besides this, the insertion of a large number of small-sized holes improved the flexibility of the rectangular ring microstrip patch antenna. The result was a breathable perforated (with small-sized holes) textile rectangular ring microstrip patch antenna with the water vapor permeability as high as 5296.70 g/m2 per day, an air permeability as high as 510 mm/s, and with radiation gains being 4.2 dBi and 5.4 dBi in the E-plane and H-plane, respectively. The antenna was designed to resonate for the Industrial, Scientific and Medical band at a specific 2.45 GHz frequency. View Full-Text
Keywords: microstrip patch antenna; wearable textile antenna; wearable wireless communication; breathable antenna; air permeability; water vapor permeability; ISM band microstrip patch antenna; wearable textile antenna; wearable wireless communication; breathable antenna; air permeability; water vapor permeability; ISM band
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Memon, A.W.; de Paula, I.L.; Malengier, B.; Vasile, S.; Van Torre, P.; Van Langenhove, L. Breathable Textile Rectangular Ring Microstrip Patch Antenna at 2.45 GHz for Wearable Applications. Sensors 2021, 21, 1635. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21051635

AMA Style

Memon AW, de Paula IL, Malengier B, Vasile S, Van Torre P, Van Langenhove L. Breathable Textile Rectangular Ring Microstrip Patch Antenna at 2.45 GHz for Wearable Applications. Sensors. 2021; 21(5):1635. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21051635

Chicago/Turabian Style

Memon, Abdul Wahab, Igor Lima de Paula, Benny Malengier, Simona Vasile, Patrick Van Torre, and Lieva Van Langenhove. 2021. "Breathable Textile Rectangular Ring Microstrip Patch Antenna at 2.45 GHz for Wearable Applications" Sensors 21, no. 5: 1635. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21051635

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop