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Piezoelectric Transducer-Based Diagnostic System for Composite Structure Health Monitoring
Open AccessArticle

Flexural Damage Diagnosis in Reinforced Concrete Beams Using a Wireless Admittance Monitoring System—Tests and Finite Element Analysis

1
Laboratory of Reinforced Concrete and Seismic Design of Structures, Civil Engineering Department, School of Engineering, Democritus University of Thrace, 67100 Xanthi, Greece
2
Structural Science and Technology Division, Architectural Engineering Department, School of Engineering, Democritus University of Thrace, 67100 Xanthi, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Francesc Pozo
Sensors 2021, 21(3), 679; https://doi.org/10.3390/s21030679
Received: 5 December 2020 / Revised: 3 January 2021 / Accepted: 18 January 2021 / Published: 20 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Damage Detection of Structures Based on Piezoelectric Sensors)
The utilization and effectiveness of a custom-made, portable and low-cost structural health monitoring (SHM) system that implements the PZT-based electro-mechanical admittance (EMA) methodology for the detection and evaluation of the damage of flexural reinforced concrete (RC) beams is presented. Tests of large-scale beams under monotonic and cyclic reversal-imposed deformations have been carried out using an integrated wireless impedance/admittance monitoring system (WiAMS) that employs the voltage measurements of PZT transducers. Small-sized PZT patches that have been epoxy-bonded on the steel bars surface and on the external concrete face of the beams are utilized to diagnose damages caused by steel yielding and concrete cracking. Excitations and simultaneous measurements of the voltage signal responses of the PZT transducers have been carried out at different levels of the applied load during the tests using the developed SHM devices, which are remotely controlled by a terminal emulator. Each PZT output voltage versus frequency response is transferred wireless and in real-time. Statistical index values are calculated based on the signals of the PZT transducers to represent the differences between their baseline response at the healthy state of the beam and their response at each loading/damage level. Finite Element Modeling (FEM) simulation of the tested beams has also been performed to acquire numerical results concerning the internal cracks, the steel strains and the energy dissipation and instability parameters. FEM analyses are used to verify the experimental results and to support the visual observations for a more precise damage evaluation. Findings of this study indicate that the proposed SHM system with the implementation of two different PZT transducer settings can be effectively utilized for the assessment of structural damage caused by concrete cracking and steel yielding in flexural beams under monotonic and cyclic loading. View Full-Text
Keywords: piezoelectric of lead zirconate titanate (PZT); structural health monitoring (SHM); reinforced concrete (RC); tests; damage diagnosis piezoelectric of lead zirconate titanate (PZT); structural health monitoring (SHM); reinforced concrete (RC); tests; damage diagnosis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Chalioris, C.E.; Kytinou, V.K.; Voutetaki, M.E.; Karayannis, C.G. Flexural Damage Diagnosis in Reinforced Concrete Beams Using a Wireless Admittance Monitoring System—Tests and Finite Element Analysis. Sensors 2021, 21, 679. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21030679

AMA Style

Chalioris CE, Kytinou VK, Voutetaki ME, Karayannis CG. Flexural Damage Diagnosis in Reinforced Concrete Beams Using a Wireless Admittance Monitoring System—Tests and Finite Element Analysis. Sensors. 2021; 21(3):679. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21030679

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chalioris, Constantin E.; Kytinou, Violetta K.; Voutetaki, Maristella E.; Karayannis, Chris G. 2021. "Flexural Damage Diagnosis in Reinforced Concrete Beams Using a Wireless Admittance Monitoring System—Tests and Finite Element Analysis" Sensors 21, no. 3: 679. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21030679

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