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Article

Foot and Lower Limb Clinical and Structural Changes in Overuse Injured Recreational Runners Using Floating Heel Shoes: Preliminary Results of a Randomised Control Trial

1
Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidad Europea de Valencia, 46010 Valencia, Spain
2
Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Physiotherapy, University of Valencia, 46010 Valencia, Spain
3
Physiotherapy in Motion, Multi-Speciality Research Group (PTinMOTION), Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Physiotherapy, University of Valencia, 46010 Valencia, Spain
4
Exercise Intervention for Health Research Group (EXINH), Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Physiotherapy, University of Valencia, 46010 Valencia, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These two authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editors: Yoonyoung Chung, Young-Seok Kim and Nicolas Evans
Sensors 2021, 21(23), 7814; https://doi.org/10.3390/s21237814
Received: 14 October 2021 / Revised: 19 November 2021 / Accepted: 21 November 2021 / Published: 24 November 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Technologies for Sports Engineering and Analytics)
Foot-strike and the associated load rate are factors related to overuse injuries in runners. The purpose of this study was to analyse structural and functional changes in runners using floating heel running shoes, compared with runners using conventional footwear. A randomised control trial was conducted. Twenty runners with overuse injuries were followed over a 12-week gait retraining programme using floating heel running shoes or their conventional footwear. Pain was measured with pressure pain thresholds (PPTs), structural changes were measured with ultrasonography, and severity and impact of injury was scored on the Oslo Sports Trauma Research Centre Overuse Injury Questionnaire (OSTRC-O). Statistical differences were found between groups after the intervention (p < 0.001), with a medium size effect SE = 0.8, and the floating heel running shoes group reached higher PPTs values. Participants using floating heel running shoes showed higher OSTRC-O scores than those using their conventional footwear (p < 0.05), with higher scores after the intervention (p < 0.05). A 12-week gait retraining programme using floating heel running shoes had positive effects on the injury recovery process when compared to the use of conventional footwear, with significant differences in terms of pain and impact on sports activity. View Full-Text
Keywords: running; gait retraining; foot; overuse injury; pain management; running footwear running; gait retraining; foot; overuse injury; pain management; running footwear
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gamez-Paya, J.; Dueñas, L.; Arnal-Gómez, A.; Benítez-Martínez, J.C. Foot and Lower Limb Clinical and Structural Changes in Overuse Injured Recreational Runners Using Floating Heel Shoes: Preliminary Results of a Randomised Control Trial. Sensors 2021, 21, 7814. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21237814

AMA Style

Gamez-Paya J, Dueñas L, Arnal-Gómez A, Benítez-Martínez JC. Foot and Lower Limb Clinical and Structural Changes in Overuse Injured Recreational Runners Using Floating Heel Shoes: Preliminary Results of a Randomised Control Trial. Sensors. 2021; 21(23):7814. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21237814

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gamez-Paya, Javier, Lirios Dueñas, Anna Arnal-Gómez, and Josep Carles Benítez-Martínez. 2021. "Foot and Lower Limb Clinical and Structural Changes in Overuse Injured Recreational Runners Using Floating Heel Shoes: Preliminary Results of a Randomised Control Trial" Sensors 21, no. 23: 7814. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21237814

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