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Article

Development and Validation of a Railway Safety System for Nordic Trains in Isolated Territories of Northern Quebec Based on IEEE 802.15.4 Protocol

1
Wind Energy Research Laboratory, Université du Québec à Rimouski, Rimouski, QC G5L 3A1, Canada
2
Institut Technologique de la Maintenance Industrielle, Sept-Îles, QC G4R 5B7, Canada
3
Institut Maritime du Québec à Rimouski, Rimouski, QC G5L 3A1, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Peter Han Joo Chong
Sensors 2021, 21(18), 6129; https://doi.org/10.3390/s21186129
Received: 30 June 2021 / Revised: 8 September 2021 / Accepted: 10 September 2021 / Published: 13 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Radio Mobile Communication System)
Connected objects are deployed all over the world. Thus, they are contributing to improving communications. In urban areas, technological challenges are gradually being overcome, and advances in this area are exponential. Unfortunately, isolated territories such as northern Quebec do not beneficiate from this technological progress. Yet, northern Quebec relies on abundant natural resources, with notably its huge hydroelectric dams and iron mines, and therefore, the region’s economic life revolves essentially around the exploitation of these resources and is heavily reliant on rail transportation. However, according to Transport Canada, 1246 railroad accidents were reported in 2019 to the Transportation Safety Board (TSB). Thirty-eight people described as trespassers lost their lives, and five railroad employees were fatally injured. In this context, we present the implementation of a security system in an isolated environment for employees intervening on the railroad track to warn them of the imminent arrival of a train. Due to the context of the isolated environment, i.e., without an electrical network, without internet, and without an LTE network, a solution for employees has been developed using a Zigbee telecommunication system and a connected watch. A case study on a train operating in a remote and isolated area in northern Quebec is presented to validate the performance of the proposed system based on an open-source and customizable solution. View Full-Text
Keywords: isolated environment; IT model; zigbee; IOT; doppler effect; fading channel; AWG; FSK; GPS; nordic trains; connected watch isolated environment; IT model; zigbee; IOT; doppler effect; fading channel; AWG; FSK; GPS; nordic trains; connected watch
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ferrier, L.; Ibrahim, H.; Issa, M.; Ilinca, A. Development and Validation of a Railway Safety System for Nordic Trains in Isolated Territories of Northern Quebec Based on IEEE 802.15.4 Protocol. Sensors 2021, 21, 6129. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21186129

AMA Style

Ferrier L, Ibrahim H, Issa M, Ilinca A. Development and Validation of a Railway Safety System for Nordic Trains in Isolated Territories of Northern Quebec Based on IEEE 802.15.4 Protocol. Sensors. 2021; 21(18):6129. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21186129

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ferrier, Laurent, Hussein Ibrahim, Mohamad Issa, and Adrian Ilinca. 2021. "Development and Validation of a Railway Safety System for Nordic Trains in Isolated Territories of Northern Quebec Based on IEEE 802.15.4 Protocol" Sensors 21, no. 18: 6129. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21186129

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