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Open AccessArticle

A Prototype Microwave System for 3D Brain Stroke Imaging

1
Department of Electronics and Telecommunications, Politecnico di Torino, 10129 Torino, Italy
2
Institute for the Electromagnetic Sensing of the Environment, National Research Council of Italy, 80124 Naples, Italy
3
Department of Electric Engineering and Information Technologies, University of Naples Federico II, 80125 Naples, Italy
4
Group of Electrical Engineering-Paris (GeePs), CNRS, CentraleSupélec, Université Paris-Sud, Univ. Paris-Saclay, Sorbonne Univ., 91190 Gif-sur-Yvette, France
5
Laboratoire des Signaux et Systèmes (L2S), Université Paris-Saclay, CNRS, CentraleSupélec, 91190 Gif-sur-Yvette, France
6
Department of Advanced Biomedical Sciences, University of Naples Federico II, 80131 Napoli, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2020, 20(9), 2607; https://doi.org/10.3390/s20092607
Received: 6 April 2020 / Revised: 23 April 2020 / Accepted: 30 April 2020 / Published: 3 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Microwave Sensing and Imaging)
This work focuses on brain stroke imaging via microwave technology. In particular, the open issue of monitoring patients after stroke onset is addressed here in order to provide clinicians with a tool to control the effectiveness of administered therapies during the follow-up period. In this paper, a novel prototype is presented and characterized. The device is based on a low-complexity architecture which makes use of a minimum number of properly positioned and designed antennas placed on a helmet. It exploits a differential imaging approach and provides 3D images of the stroke. Preliminary experiments involving a 3D phantom filled with brain tissue-mimicking liquid confirm the potential of the technology in imaging a spherical target mimicking a stroke of a radius equal to 1.25 cm. View Full-Text
Keywords: microwave imaging; brain stroke; monitoring; antenna array microwave imaging; brain stroke; monitoring; antenna array
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Tobon Vasquez, J.A.; Scapaticci, R.; Turvani, G.; Bellizzi, G.; Rodriguez-Duarte, D.O.; Joachimowicz, N.; Duchêne, B.; Tedeschi, E.; Casu, M.R.; Crocco, L.; Vipiana, F. A Prototype Microwave System for 3D Brain Stroke Imaging. Sensors 2020, 20, 2607.

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