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Situation Awareness-Oriented Patient Monitoring with Visual Patient Technology: A Qualitative Review of the Primary Research

Institute of Anesthesiology, University and University Hospital Zurich, Rämistrasse 100, 8091 Zurich, Switzerland
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Sensors 2020, 20(7), 2112; https://doi.org/10.3390/s20072112
Received: 1 March 2020 / Revised: 1 April 2020 / Accepted: 4 April 2020 / Published: 9 April 2020
Visual Patient technology is a situation awareness-oriented visualization technology that translates numerical and waveform patient monitoring data into a new user-centered visual language. Vital sign values are converted into colors, shapes, and rhythmic movements—a language humans can easily perceive and interpret—on a patient avatar model in real time. In this review, we summarize the current state of the research on the Visual Patient, including the technology, its history, and its scientific context. We also provide a summary of our primary research and a brief overview of research work on similar user-centered visualizations in medicine. In several computer-based studies under various experimental conditions, Visual Patient transferred more information per unit time, increased perceived diagnostic certainty, and lowered perceived workload. Eye tracking showed the technology worked because of the way it synthesizes and transforms vital sign information into new and logical forms corresponding to the real phenomena. The technology could be particularly useful for improving situation awareness in settings with high cognitive demand or when users must make quick decisions. This comprehensive review of Visual Patient research is the foundation for an evaluation of the technology in clinical applications, starting with a high-fidelity simulation study in early 2020. View Full-Text
Keywords: Visual Patient; monitoring; avatar-based technology; situation awareness Visual Patient; monitoring; avatar-based technology; situation awareness
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MDPI and ACS Style

Tscholl, D.W.; Rössler, J.; Said, S.; Kaserer, A.; Spahn, D.R.; Nöthiger, C.B. Situation Awareness-Oriented Patient Monitoring with Visual Patient Technology: A Qualitative Review of the Primary Research. Sensors 2020, 20, 2112. https://doi.org/10.3390/s20072112

AMA Style

Tscholl DW, Rössler J, Said S, Kaserer A, Spahn DR, Nöthiger CB. Situation Awareness-Oriented Patient Monitoring with Visual Patient Technology: A Qualitative Review of the Primary Research. Sensors. 2020; 20(7):2112. https://doi.org/10.3390/s20072112

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tscholl, David W.; Rössler, Julian; Said, Sadiq; Kaserer, Alexander; Spahn, Donat R.; Nöthiger, Christoph B. 2020. "Situation Awareness-Oriented Patient Monitoring with Visual Patient Technology: A Qualitative Review of the Primary Research" Sensors 20, no. 7: 2112. https://doi.org/10.3390/s20072112

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