Multiple two-dimensional laser rangefinders (LRFs) are applied in many applications like mobile robotics, autonomous vehicles, and three-dimensional reconstruction. The extrinsic calibration between LRFs is the first step to perform data fusion and practical application. In this paper, we proposed a simple method to calibrate LRFs based on a corner composed of three mutually perpendicular planes. In contrast to other methods that require a special pattern or assistance from other sensors, the trihedron corner needed in this method is common in daily environments. In practice, we can adjust the position of the LRFs to observe the corner until the laser scanning plane intersects with three planes of the corner. Then, we formed a Perspective-Three-Point problem to solve the position and orientation of each LRF at the common corner coordinate system. The method was validated with synthetic and real experiments, showing better performance than existing methods.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited