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Review

A Review on Early Forest Fire Detection Systems Using Optical Remote Sensing

Centre for Research and Technology Hellas, Information Technologies Institute, 57001 Thessaloniki, Greece
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Sensors 2020, 20(22), 6442; https://doi.org/10.3390/s20226442
Received: 15 October 2020 / Revised: 7 November 2020 / Accepted: 10 November 2020 / Published: 11 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sensors for Fire and Smoke Monitoring)
The environmental challenges the world faces nowadays have never been greater or more complex. Global areas covered by forests and urban woodlands are threatened by natural disasters that have increased dramatically during the last decades, in terms of both frequency and magnitude. Large-scale forest fires are one of the most harmful natural hazards affecting climate change and life around the world. Thus, to minimize their impacts on people and nature, the adoption of well-planned and closely coordinated effective prevention, early warning, and response approaches are necessary. This paper presents an overview of the optical remote sensing technologies used in early fire warning systems and provides an extensive survey on both flame and smoke detection algorithms employed by each technology. Three types of systems are identified, namely terrestrial, airborne, and spaceborne-based systems, while various models aiming to detect fire occurrences with high accuracy in challenging environments are studied. Finally, the strengths and weaknesses of fire detection systems based on optical remote sensing are discussed aiming to contribute to future research projects for the development of early warning fire systems. View Full-Text
Keywords: early fire detection; multispectral imaging systems; terrestrial; aerial; satellite; artificial intelligence early fire detection; multispectral imaging systems; terrestrial; aerial; satellite; artificial intelligence
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MDPI and ACS Style

Barmpoutis, P.; Papaioannou, P.; Dimitropoulos, K.; Grammalidis, N. A Review on Early Forest Fire Detection Systems Using Optical Remote Sensing. Sensors 2020, 20, 6442. https://doi.org/10.3390/s20226442

AMA Style

Barmpoutis P, Papaioannou P, Dimitropoulos K, Grammalidis N. A Review on Early Forest Fire Detection Systems Using Optical Remote Sensing. Sensors. 2020; 20(22):6442. https://doi.org/10.3390/s20226442

Chicago/Turabian Style

Barmpoutis, Panagiotis, Periklis Papaioannou, Kosmas Dimitropoulos, and Nikos Grammalidis. 2020. "A Review on Early Forest Fire Detection Systems Using Optical Remote Sensing" Sensors 20, no. 22: 6442. https://doi.org/10.3390/s20226442

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