The dissemination of false messages in Internet of Vehicles (IoV) has a negative impact on road safety and traffic efficiency. Therefore, it is critical to quickly detect fake news considering news timeliness in IoV. We propose a network computing framework Quick Fake News Detection (QcFND) in this paper, which exploits the technologies from Software-Defined Networking (SDN), edge computing, blockchain, and Bayesian networks. QcFND consists of two tiers: edge and vehicles. The edge is composed of Software-Defined Road Side Units (SDRSUs), which is extended from traditional Road Side Units (RSUs) and hosts virtual machines such as SDN controllers and blockchain servers. The SDN controllers help to implement the load balancing on IoV. The blockchain servers accommodate the reports submitted by vehicles and calculate the probability of the presence of a traffic event, providing time-sensitive services to the passing vehicles. Specifically, we exploit Bayesian Network to infer whether to trust the received traffic reports. We test the performance of QcFND with three platforms, i.e., Veins, Hyperledger Fabric, and Netica. Extensive simulations and experiments show that QcFND achieves good performance compared with other solutions.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited