Node placement is one of the basic problems in a Wireless Sensor Network (WSN). During the operation of a WSN, sensor nodes may fail or die suddenly, which may lead to a coverage hole. To solve this problem, the node placement needs to be re-optimized. The dimensions of node placement optimization are high because of the large node number. In view of this defect, a regional optimization dynamic algorithm is put forward. In this paper, the regional optimization problem of node placement is modeled, and a regional optimization dynamic algorithm with a mixed strategy for node placement (MRDA) is proposed. Simulation experiments are carried out for the proposed algorithm and other comparison algorithms. Results of experiments show that the proposed algorithm can greatly reduce the dimensions and narrow the search range, with a significant improvement in the search performance and convergence speed.
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