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Article

ECG Identification For Personal Authentication Using LSTM-Based Deep Recurrent Neural Networks

Department of Information and Communication Engineering, Chosun University, Gwangju 61452, Korea
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2020, 20(11), 3069; https://doi.org/10.3390/s20113069
Received: 13 March 2020 / Revised: 19 May 2020 / Accepted: 26 May 2020 / Published: 29 May 2020
Securing personal authentication is an important study in the field of security. Particularly, fingerprinting and face recognition have been used for personal authentication. However, these systems suffer from certain issues, such as fingerprinting forgery, or environmental obstacles. To address forgery or spoofing identification problems, various approaches have been considered, including electrocardiogram (ECG). For ECG identification, linear discriminant analysis (LDA), support vector machine (SVM), principal component analysis (PCA), deep recurrent neural network (DRNN), and recurrent neural network (RNN) have been conventionally used. Certain studies have shown that the RNN model yields the best performance in ECG identification as compared with the other models. However, these methods require a lengthy input signal for high accuracy. Thus, these methods may not be applied to a real-time system. In this study, we propose using bidirectional long short-term memory (LSTM)-based deep recurrent neural networks (DRNN) through late-fusion to develop a real-time system for ECG-based biometrics identification and classification. We suggest a preprocessing procedure for the quick identification and noise reduction, such as a derivative filter, moving average filter, and normalization. We experimentally evaluated the proposed method using two public datasets: MIT-BIH Normal Sinus Rhythm (NSRDB) and MIT-BIH Arrhythmia (MITDB). The proposed LSTM-based DRNN model shows that in NSRDB, the overall precision was 100%, recall was 100%, accuracy was 100%, and F1-score was 1. For MITDB, the overall precision was 99.8%, recall was 99.8%, accuracy was 99.8%, and F1-score was 0.99. Our experiments demonstrate that the proposed model achieves an overall higher classification accuracy and efficiency compared with the conventional LSTM approach. View Full-Text
Keywords: RNN; ECG; biometrics; identification; signal processing RNN; ECG; biometrics; identification; signal processing
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kim, B.-H.; Pyun, J.-Y. ECG Identification For Personal Authentication Using LSTM-Based Deep Recurrent Neural Networks. Sensors 2020, 20, 3069. https://doi.org/10.3390/s20113069

AMA Style

Kim B-H, Pyun J-Y. ECG Identification For Personal Authentication Using LSTM-Based Deep Recurrent Neural Networks. Sensors. 2020; 20(11):3069. https://doi.org/10.3390/s20113069

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kim, Beom-Hun, and Jae-Young Pyun. 2020. "ECG Identification For Personal Authentication Using LSTM-Based Deep Recurrent Neural Networks" Sensors 20, no. 11: 3069. https://doi.org/10.3390/s20113069

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