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Open AccessArticle

Wireless Middleware Solutions for Smart Water Metering

Department of Engineering, University of Ferrara, 44122 Ferrara, Italy
Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, University of Ferrara, 44121 Ferrara, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2019, 19(8), 1853;
Received: 14 January 2019 / Revised: 15 April 2019 / Accepted: 16 April 2019 / Published: 18 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Middleware Solutions for Wireless Internet of Things)
PDF [6541 KB, uploaded 18 April 2019]


While smart metering applications have initially focused on energy and gas utility markets, water consumption has recently become the subject of increasing attention. Unfortunately, despite the large number of solutions available on the market, the lack of an open and widely accepted communication standard means that vendors typically propose proprietary data collection solutions whose adoption causes non-trivial problems to water utility companies in term of costs, vendor lock-in, and lack of control on the data collection infrastructure. There is the need for open and interoperable smart water metering solutions, capable of collecting data from the wide range of water meters on the market. This paper reports our experience in the development and field testing of a highly interoperable smart water metering solution, which we designed in collaboration with several water utility companies and which we deployed in Gorino Ferrarese, Italy, in collaboration with CADF (Consorzio Acque Delta Ferrarese), the water utility serving the city. At the core of our solution is SWaMM (Smart Water Metering Middleware), an interoperable wireless IoT middleware based on the Edge computing paradigm, which proved extremely effective in interfacing with several types of smart water meters operating with different protocols. View Full-Text
Keywords: Internet-of-Things; smart metering; water consumption Internet-of-Things; smart metering; water consumption

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Alvisi, S.; Casellato, F.; Franchini, M.; Govoni, M.; Luciani, C.; Poltronieri, F.; Riberto, G.; Stefanelli, C.; Tortonesi, M. Wireless Middleware Solutions for Smart Water Metering. Sensors 2019, 19, 1853.

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