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Open AccessArticle

Averaging Pixel Current Adjustment Technique for Reducing Fixed Pattern Noise in the Bolometer-Type Uncooled Infrared Image Sensor

1
School of Electronics Engineering, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 41566, Korea
2
Korea Electronics Technology Institute, Seongnam-si 13509, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2019, 19(7), 1653; https://doi.org/10.3390/s19071653
Received: 28 February 2019 / Revised: 25 March 2019 / Accepted: 4 April 2019 / Published: 6 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advanced CMOS Image Sensors and Emerging Applications)
In this paper, we propose an averaging pixel current adjustment technique for reducing fixed pattern noise (FPN) in the bolometer-type uncooled infrared image sensor. The averaging pixel current adjustment technique is composed of active pixel, reference pixel, and calibration circuit. Polysilicon resistors were used in each active pixel and reference pixel. Resistance deviation among active pixels integrated with the same resistance value cause FPN. The principle of the averaging pixel current adjustment technique for removing FPN is based on the subtraction of dark current of the active pixel from the dark current of the reference pixel. The subtracted current is converted into the voltage, which contains pixel calibration information. The calibration circuit is used to adjust the calibration current. After calibration, the nano-ampere current is output with small deviation. The proposed averaging pixel current adjustment technique is implemented by a chip composed of a pixel array, a calibration circuit, average current generators, and readout circuits. The chip was fabricated using a standard 0.35 μm CMOS process and its performance was evaluated. View Full-Text
Keywords: uncooled infrared image sensor; fixed pattern noise; current calibration uncooled infrared image sensor; fixed pattern noise; current calibration
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kim, S.-H.; Choi, B.-S.; Lee, J.; Lee, J.; Lee, J.; Park, J.-H.; Lee, K.-I.; Shin, J.-K. Averaging Pixel Current Adjustment Technique for Reducing Fixed Pattern Noise in the Bolometer-Type Uncooled Infrared Image Sensor. Sensors 2019, 19, 1653.

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