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Review

Emerging Point-of-care Technologies for Food Safety Analysis

1
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of British Columbia, 2054–6250 Applied Science Lane, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada
2
Centre for Blood Research, Life Sciences Centre, University of British Columbia, 2350 Health Sciences Mall, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z3, Canada
3
Department of Chemical & Petroleum Engineering, Schulich School of Engineering, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB T2N 1N4, Canada
4
Faculty of Medicine, University of Dundee, Dow Street, Dundee DD1 5EH, UK
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2019, 19(4), 817; https://doi.org/10.3390/s19040817
Received: 30 January 2019 / Revised: 14 February 2019 / Accepted: 14 February 2019 / Published: 17 February 2019
Food safety issues have recently attracted public concern. The deleterious effects of compromised food safety on health have rendered food safety analysis an approach of paramount importance. While conventional techniques such as high-performance liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry have traditionally been utilized for the detection of food contaminants, they are relatively expensive, time-consuming and labor intensive, impeding their use for point-of-care (POC) applications. In addition, accessibility of these tests is limited in developing countries where food-related illnesses are prevalent. There is, therefore, an urgent need to develop simple and robust diagnostic POC devices. POC devices, including paper- and chip-based devices, are typically rapid, cost-effective and user-friendly, offering a tremendous potential for rapid food safety analysis at POC settings. Herein, we discuss the most recent advances in the development of emerging POC devices for food safety analysis. We first provide an overview of common food safety issues and the existing techniques for detecting food contaminants such as foodborne pathogens, chemicals, allergens, and toxins. The importance of rapid food safety analysis along with the beneficial use of miniaturized POC devices are subsequently reviewed. Finally, the existing challenges and future perspectives of developing the miniaturized POC devices for food safety monitoring are briefly discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: point-of-care devices; paper-based devices; chip-based devices; food safety analysis point-of-care devices; paper-based devices; chip-based devices; food safety analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Choi, J.R.; Yong, K.W.; Choi, J.Y.; Cowie, A.C. Emerging Point-of-care Technologies for Food Safety Analysis. Sensors 2019, 19, 817. https://doi.org/10.3390/s19040817

AMA Style

Choi JR, Yong KW, Choi JY, Cowie AC. Emerging Point-of-care Technologies for Food Safety Analysis. Sensors. 2019; 19(4):817. https://doi.org/10.3390/s19040817

Chicago/Turabian Style

Choi, Jane R., Kar W. Yong, Jean Y. Choi, and Alistair C. Cowie. 2019. "Emerging Point-of-care Technologies for Food Safety Analysis" Sensors 19, no. 4: 817. https://doi.org/10.3390/s19040817

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