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Open AccessArticle

A Low-Complexity Compressed Sensing Reconstruction Method for Heart Signal Biometric Recognition

School of Electronic and Control Engineering, Chang’an University, Xi’an 710064, China
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2019, 19(23), 5330; https://doi.org/10.3390/s19235330
Received: 20 October 2019 / Revised: 29 November 2019 / Accepted: 30 November 2019 / Published: 3 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Compressed Sensing in Biomedical Signal and Image Analysis)
Biometric systems allow recognition and verification of an individual through his or her physiological or behavioral characteristics. It is a growing field of research due to the increasing demand for secure and trustworthy authentication systems. Compressed sensing is a data compression acquisition method that has been proposed in recent years. The sampling and compression of data is completed synchronously, avoiding waste of resources and meeting the requirements of small size and limited power consumption of wearable portable devices. In this work, a compression reconstruction method based on compression sensing was studied using bioelectric signals, which aimed to increase the limited resources of portable remote bioelectric signal recognition equipment. Using electrocardiograms (ECGs) and photoplethysmograms (PPGs) of heart signals as research data, an improved segmented weak orthogonal matching pursuit (OMP) algorithm was developed to compress and reconstruct the signals. Finally, feature values were extracted from the reconstructed signals for identification and analysis. The accuracy of the proposed method and the practicability of compression sensing in cardiac signal identification were verified. Experiments showed that the reconstructed ECG and PPG signal recognition rates were 95.65% and 91.31%, respectively, and that the residual value was less than 0.05 mV, which indicates that the proposed method can be effectively used for two bioelectric signal compression reconstructions. View Full-Text
Keywords: compressed sensing; bioelectrical signals; signal reconstruction; biometrics; energy consumption optimization compressed sensing; bioelectrical signals; signal reconstruction; biometrics; energy consumption optimization
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Xiao, J.; Hu, F.; Shao, Q.; Li, S. A Low-Complexity Compressed Sensing Reconstruction Method for Heart Signal Biometric Recognition. Sensors 2019, 19, 5330.

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