Compound eyes, also known as insect eyes, have a unique structure. They have a hemispheric surface, and a lot of single eyes are deployed regularly on the surface. Thanks to this unique form, using the compound images has several advantages, such as a large field of view (FOV) with low aberrations. We can exploit these benefits in high-level vision applications, such as object recognition, or semantic segmentation for a moving robot, by emulating the compound images that describe the captured scenes from compound eye cameras. In this paper, to the best of our knowledge, we propose the first convolutional neural network (CNN)-based ego-motion classification algorithm designed for the compound eye structure. To achieve this, we introduce a voting-based approach that fully utilizes one of the unique features of compound images, specifically, the compound images consist of a lot of single eye images. The proposed method classifies a number of local motions by CNN, and these local classifications which represent the motions of each single eye image, are aggregated to the final classification by a voting procedure. For the experiments, we collected a new dataset for compound eye camera ego-motion classification which contains scenes of the inside and outside of a certain building. The samples of the proposed dataset consist of two consequent emulated compound images and the corresponding ego-motion class. The experimental results show that the proposed method has achieved the classification accuracy of 85.0%, which is superior compared to the baselines on the proposed dataset. Also, the proposed model is light-weight compared to the conventional CNN-based image recognition algorithms such as AlexNet, ResNet50, and MobileNetV2.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited