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Article

Technology Support for Collaborative Preparation of Emergency Plans

1
Department of Computer Science, Universidad de Chile, Santiago 837-0456, Chile
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School of Informatics and Telecommunication, Universidad Diego Portales, Santiago 837-0190, Chile
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Management Control and Information Systems Department, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universidad de Chile, Diagonal Paraguay 257, Santiago 833-0015, Chile
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Faculty of Engineering, Universidad Andrés Bello, Antonio Varas 810, Santiago, Chile
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
This paper is an extension version of our paper presented at Baloian, N., Frez, J., Pino, J.A., Zurita, G. “Supporting Collaborative Preparation of Emergency Plans.”, In Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Ubiquitous Computing and Ambient Intelligence (UCAmI 2018), Punta Cana, Dominican Republic, 4 December 2018.
Sensors 2019, 19(22), 5040; https://doi.org/10.3390/s19225040
Received: 28 August 2019 / Revised: 6 November 2019 / Accepted: 7 November 2019 / Published: 19 November 2019
Preparing a plan for reaction to a grave emergency is a significant first stage in disaster management. A group of experts can do such preparation. Best results are obtained with group members having diverse backgrounds and access to different relevant data. The output of this stage should be a plan as comprehensive as possible, taking into account various perspectives. The group can organize itself as a collaborative decision-making team with a process cycle involving modeling the process, defining the objectives of the decision outcome, gathering data, generating options and evaluating them according to the defined objectives. The meeting participants may have their own evidences concerning people’s location at the beginning of the emergency and assumptions about people’s reactions once it occurs. Geographical information is typically crucial for the plan, because the plan must be based on the location of the safe areas, the distances to move people, the connecting roads or other evacuation links, the ease of movement of the rescue personnel, and other geography-based considerations. The paper deals with this scenario and it introduces a computer tool intended to support the experts to prepare the plan by incorporating the various viewpoints and data. The group participants should be able to generate, visualize and compare the outcomes of their contributions. The proposal is complemented with an example of use: it is a real case simulation in the event of a tsunami following an earthquake at a certain urban location. View Full-Text
Keywords: collaborative decision support; geographical information systems; emergency planning; Dempster-Shafer theory collaborative decision support; geographical information systems; emergency planning; Dempster-Shafer theory
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MDPI and ACS Style

Baloian, N.; Frez, J.; Pino, J.A.; Peñafiel, S.; Zurita, G.; Abarca, A. Technology Support for Collaborative Preparation of Emergency Plans. Sensors 2019, 19, 5040. https://doi.org/10.3390/s19225040

AMA Style

Baloian N, Frez J, Pino JA, Peñafiel S, Zurita G, Abarca A. Technology Support for Collaborative Preparation of Emergency Plans. Sensors. 2019; 19(22):5040. https://doi.org/10.3390/s19225040

Chicago/Turabian Style

Baloian, Nelson, Jonathan Frez, Jose A. Pino, Sergio Peñafiel, Gustavo Zurita, and Alvaro Abarca. 2019. "Technology Support for Collaborative Preparation of Emergency Plans" Sensors 19, no. 22: 5040. https://doi.org/10.3390/s19225040

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