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Open AccessArticle

Validation of a Single RGB-D Camera for Gait Assessment of Polyneuropathy Patients

1
Institute for Systems Engineering and Computers – Technology and Science (INESC TEC), and Faculty of Engineering (FEUP), University of Porto, 4200-391 Porto, Portugal
2
Unidade Corino de Andrade, Hospital Santo António, Centro Hospitalar Universitário do Porto, E. P. E., 4099-001 Porto, Portugal
3
Institute of Electronics and Informatics Engineering of Aveiro (IEETA), and Department of Electronics, Telecommunications and Informatics, University of Aveiro, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2019, 19(22), 4929; https://doi.org/10.3390/s19224929
Received: 1 October 2019 / Revised: 29 October 2019 / Accepted: 8 November 2019 / Published: 12 November 2019
Motion analysis systems based on a single markerless RGB-D camera are more suitable for clinical practice than multi-camera marker-based reference systems. Nevertheless, the validity of RGB-D cameras for motor function assessment in some diseases affecting gait, such as Transthyretin Familial Amyloid Polyneuropathy (TTR-FAP), is yet to be investigated. In this study, the agreement between the Kinect v2 and a reference system for obtaining spatiotemporal and kinematic gait parameters was evaluated in the context of TTR-FAP. 3-D body joint data provided by both systems were acquired from ten TTR-FAP symptomatic patients, while performing ten gait trials. For each gait cycle, we computed several spatiotemporal and kinematic gait parameters. We then determined, for each parameter, the Bland Altman’s bias and 95% limits of agreement, as well as the Pearson’s and concordance correlation coefficients, between systems. The obtained results show that an affordable, portable and non-invasive system based on an RGB-D camera can accurately obtain most of the studied gait parameters (excellent or good agreement for eleven spatiotemporal and one kinematic). This system can bring more objectivity to motor function assessment of polyneuropathy patients, potentially contributing to an improvement of TTR-FAP treatment and understanding, with great benefits to the patients’ quality of life. View Full-Text
Keywords: gait; 3-D motion analysis; neuropathy; RGB-D camera; system validity gait; 3-D motion analysis; neuropathy; RGB-D camera; system validity
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Vilas-Boas, M.C.; Rocha, A.P.; Choupina, H.M.P.; Cardoso, M.N.; Fernandes, J.M.; Coelho, T.; Cunha, J.P.S. Validation of a Single RGB-D Camera for Gait Assessment of Polyneuropathy Patients. Sensors 2019, 19, 4929.

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