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Selective Detection of Nitrogen-Containing Compound Gases

1
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Yonsei University, 50 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 03722, Korea
2
School of Nano & Materials Science and Engineering, Kyungpook National University, 2559 Gyeongsang-daero, Gyeongsangbuk-do 37224, Korea
3
Isenlab Inc., Halla Sigma Valley, Dunchon-daero 545, Jungwon-gu, Seongnam-si, Gyeonggi-do 13215, Korea
4
Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Woosuk University, 443, Samnye-ro, Samnye-eup, Wanju_Gun, Jeollabuk-do 55338, Korea
5
Functional Composite Materials Research Center and Division of Nano & Information Technology of KIST School, Korea Institute of Science and Technology, Jeonbuk 565-905, Korea
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally.
Sensors 2019, 19(16), 3565; https://doi.org/10.3390/s19163565
Received: 4 July 2019 / Revised: 2 August 2019 / Accepted: 7 August 2019 / Published: 15 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Chemical Sensors)
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Abstract

N-containing gaseous compounds, such as trimethylamine (TMA), triethylamine (TEA), ammonia (NH3), nitrogen monoxide (NO), and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) exude irritating odors and are harmful to the human respiratory system at high concentrations. In this study, we investigated the sensing responses of five sensor materials—Al-doped ZnO (AZO) nanoparticles (NPs), Pt-loaded AZO NPs, a Pt-loaded WO3 (Pt-WO3) thin film, an Au-loaded WO3 (Au-WO3) thin film, and N-doped graphene—to the five aforementioned gases at a concentration of 10 parts per million (ppm). The ZnO- and WO3-based materials exhibited n-type semiconducting behavior, and their responses to tertiary amines were significantly higher than those of nitric oxides. The N-doped graphene exhibited p-type semiconducting behavior and responded only to nitric oxides. The Au- and Pt-WO3 thin films exhibited extremely high responses of approximately 100,000 for 10 ppm of triethylamine (TEA) and approximately −2700 for 10 ppm of NO2, respectively. These sensing responses are superior to those of previously reported sensors based on semiconducting metal oxides. On the basis of the sensing response results, we drew radar plots, which indicated that selective pattern recognition could be achieved by using the five sensing materials together. Thus, we demonstrated the possibility to distinguish each type of gas by applying the patterns to recognition techniques. View Full-Text
Keywords: chemical sensors; nitrogen-containing compound gases; trimethylamine; triethylamine; ammonia; NO; NO2; Al-doped ZnO nanoparticles; WO3 thin film; N-doped graphene chemical sensors; nitrogen-containing compound gases; trimethylamine; triethylamine; ammonia; NO; NO2; Al-doped ZnO nanoparticles; WO3 thin film; N-doped graphene
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Yoo, R.; Lee, H.-S.; Kim, W.; Park, Y.; Koo, A.; Jin, S.-H.; Pham, T.V.; Kim, M.J.; Maeng, S.; Lee, W. Selective Detection of Nitrogen-Containing Compound Gases. Sensors 2019, 19, 3565.

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