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Smart Management Consumption in Renewable Energy Fed Ecosystems

1
Department of Computer Technology and Computation, University of Alicante, 03690 Alicante, Spain
2
Federación Empresas Metal Provincia Alicante (FEMPA), 03008 Alicante, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
This paper is an extended version of our paper published in 12th International Conference on Ubiquitous Computing and Ambient Intelligence (UCAmI 2018), Punta Cana, Dominican Republic, 4–7 December 2018.
Sensors 2019, 19(13), 2967; https://doi.org/10.3390/s19132967
Received: 2 June 2019 / Revised: 28 June 2019 / Accepted: 2 July 2019 / Published: 5 July 2019
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Abstract

Advances in embedded electronic systems, the development of new communication protocols, and the application of artificial intelligence paradigms have enabled the improvement of current automation systems of energy management. Embedded devices integrate different sensors with connectivity, computing resources, and reduced cost. Communication and cloud services increase their performance; however, there are limitations in the implementation of these technologies. If the cloud is used as the main source of services and resources, overload problems will occur. There are no models that facilitate the complete integration and interoperability in the facilities already created. This article proposes a model for the integration of smart energy management systems in new and already created facilities, using local embedded devices, Internet of Things communication protocols and services based on artificial intelligence paradigms. All services are distributed in the new smart grid network using edge and fog computing techniques. The model proposes an architecture both to be used as support for the development of smart services and for energy management control systems adapted to the installation: a group of buildings and/or houses that shares energy management and energy generation. Machine learning to predict consumption and energy generation, electric load classification, energy distribution control, and predictive maintenance are the main utilities integrated. As an experimental case, a facility that incorporates wind and solar generation is used for development and testing. Smart grid facilities, designed with artificial intelligence algorithms, implemented with Internet of Things protocols, and embedded control devices facilitate the development, cost reduction, and the integration of new services. In this work, a method to design, develop, and install smart services in self-consumption facilities is proposed. New smart services with reduced costs are installed and tested, confirming the advantages of the proposed model. View Full-Text
Keywords: artificial intelligence paradigms; Internet of Things; smart grid; cloud services; embedded devices artificial intelligence paradigms; Internet of Things; smart grid; cloud services; embedded devices
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Ferrández-Pastor, F.J.; García-Chamizo, J.M.; Gomez-Trillo, S.; Valdivieso-Sarabia, R.; Nieto-Hidalgo, M. Smart Management Consumption in Renewable Energy Fed Ecosystems. Sensors 2019, 19, 2967.

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