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Open AccessArticle

The Dependence of Electrode Impedance on the Number of Performed EEG Examinations

Department of Systems, Signals and Electronic Engineering, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, West Pomeranian University of Technology Szczecin, 70-313 Szczecin, Poland
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Sensors 2019, 19(11), 2608; https://doi.org/10.3390/s19112608
Received: 7 May 2019 / Revised: 1 June 2019 / Accepted: 6 June 2019 / Published: 8 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
In clinical practice, it is recommended to employ reusable electrodes for the registration of brain waves. Before registering EEG signals, the EEG technician checks the condition of all the electrodes, i.e., the occurrence of mechanical damage and the color of the electrode coating. It should be noticed that there is still no information on the permissible number of EEG examinations performed with one set of electrodes. After placement of the electrodes on the patient’s head, the scalp–electrode impedance is measured with the use of EEG equipment. When the scalp–electrode impedance achieves a value above 5 kΩ, it is necessary to replace the given electrode or to re-execute skin abrasion. The Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS) method was used in order to estimate the permissible number of EEG examinations performed with one set of electrodes. Ten new reusable electrodes were tested. Then, the tests were repeated after subsequent uses of those electrodes. The conducted tests led us to the conclusion that the permissible number of examinations performed with one set of electrodes is up to twenty except for the gold electrodes for which it is up to ten. Furthermore, the use of the EIS method revealed variability of impedance in the case of new electrodes. View Full-Text
Keywords: electroencephalography (EEG); electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS); reusable electrodes electroencephalography (EEG); electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS); reusable electrodes
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Górecka, J.; Makiewicz, P. The Dependence of Electrode Impedance on the Number of Performed EEG Examinations. Sensors 2019, 19, 2608.

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