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Open AccessArticle

Smart Petri Nets Temperature Control Framework for Reducing Building Energy Consumption

1
Department of Computer Science in Jamoum University College, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah 25371, Saudi Arabia
2
Laboratoire d’Informatique et des Technologies de l’Information d’Oran (LITIO), University of Oran, Oran 31000, Algeria
3
Computers and Systems Engineering Department, Mansoura University, Mansoura 35516, Egypt
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2019, 19(11), 2441; https://doi.org/10.3390/s19112441
Received: 4 May 2019 / Revised: 21 May 2019 / Accepted: 23 May 2019 / Published: 28 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Internet of Things)
Energy consumption is steadily increasing in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), which imposes continuous strains on the electrical load. Furthermore, consumption rationalization measures do not seem to improve the situation in any way. Therefore, the implementation of energy saving policies become an urgent need. This paper targets developing a smart energy-saving framework for integrating new advanced technologies and conventional Air Conditioning (AC) systems to achieve a comfortable environment, optimum energy efficiency and profitability. In this paper, a three-stage smart control framework, which allows controlling room temperature according to the user’s preferences, is implemented. The first stage is a user identification process. In the second stage, a Petri Nets (PN) model monitors users and sends their preferred temperatures to the third stage. A PID controller is implemented in the third stage to regulate room temperatures. The interconnected sensing and actuating devices in this smart environment are configured to provide users with comfort and energy saving functionality. Experimental results show the good performances and features of the proposed approach. The proposed smart framework reduces the energy consumption of the current ON/OFF controller ( 219.09 kW) by a significant amount which reaches ( 116.58 kW) by ratio about 46.79 % . Reducing energy consumption is one of these important features in addition to system reactivity and user comfort. View Full-Text
Keywords: petri nets; PID; air conditioning; energy consumption; smart systems petri nets; PID; air conditioning; energy consumption; smart systems
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bouazza, K.E.; Deabes, W. Smart Petri Nets Temperature Control Framework for Reducing Building Energy Consumption. Sensors 2019, 19, 2441. https://doi.org/10.3390/s19112441

AMA Style

Bouazza KE, Deabes W. Smart Petri Nets Temperature Control Framework for Reducing Building Energy Consumption. Sensors. 2019; 19(11):2441. https://doi.org/10.3390/s19112441

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bouazza, Kheir E.; Deabes, Wael. 2019. "Smart Petri Nets Temperature Control Framework for Reducing Building Energy Consumption" Sensors 19, no. 11: 2441. https://doi.org/10.3390/s19112441

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