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Sensors 2018, 18(7), 2251; https://doi.org/10.3390/s18072251

A Review of PZT Patches Applications in Submerged Systems

1
Department of Energy and Power Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
2
Center for Industrial Diagnostics and Fluid Dynamics (CDIF), Polytechnic University of Catalonia (UPC), Av. Diagonal, 647, ETSEIB, 08028 Barcelona, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 June 2018 / Revised: 4 July 2018 / Accepted: 10 July 2018 / Published: 12 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent Advances of Piezoelectric Transducers and Applications)
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Abstract

Submerged systems are found in many engineering, biological, and medicinal applications. For such systems, due to the particular environmental conditions and working medium, the research on the mechanical and structural properties at every scale (from macroscopic to nanoscopic), and the control of the system dynamics and induced effects become very difficult tasks. For such purposes in submerged systems, piezoelectric patches (PZTp), which are light, small and economic, have been proved to be a very good solution. PZTp have been recently used as sensors/actuators for applications such as modal analysis, active sound and vibration control, energy harvesting and atomic force microscopes in submerged systems. As a consequence, in these applications, newly developed transducers based on PZTp have become the most used ones, which has improved the state of the art and methods used in these fields. This review paper carefully analyzes and summarizes these applications particularized to submerged structures and shows the most relevant results and findings, which have been obtained thanks to the use of PZTp. View Full-Text
Keywords: PZT; submerged system; modal analysis; active vibration control; sound cancellation; AFM; energy harvesting PZT; submerged system; modal analysis; active vibration control; sound cancellation; AFM; energy harvesting
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Presas, A.; Luo, Y.; Wang, Z.; Valentin, D.; Egusquiza, M. A Review of PZT Patches Applications in Submerged Systems. Sensors 2018, 18, 2251.

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