Next Article in Journal
A Simple Graphene NH3 Gas Sensor via Laser Direct Writing
Previous Article in Journal
Estimating Pore Water Electrical Conductivity of Sandy Soil from Time Domain Reflectometry Records Using a Time-Varying Dynamic Linear Model
Article

Data Exchange Interoperability in IoT Ecosystem for Smart Parking and EV Charging

1
Department of Computer Science, Aalto University, 02150 Espoo, Finland
2
SnT—Interdisciplinary Centre for Security, Reliability and Trust, University of Luxembourg, Luxembourg L-1359, Luxembourg
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2018, 18(12), 4404; https://doi.org/10.3390/s18124404
Received: 14 November 2018 / Revised: 3 December 2018 / Accepted: 6 December 2018 / Published: 13 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Internet of Things)
Many domains are trying to integrate with the Internet of Things (IoT) ecosystem, such as public administrations starting smart city initiatives all over the world. Cities are becoming smart in many ways: smart mobility, smart buildings, smart environment and so on. However, the problem of non-interoperability in the IoT hinders the seamless communication between all kinds of IoT devices. Different domain specific IoT applications use different interoperability standards. These standards are usually not interoperable with each other. IoT applications and ecosystems therefore tend to use a vertical communication model that does not allow data sharing horizontally across different IoT ecosystems. In 2014, The Open Group published two domain-independent IoT messaging standards, O-MI and O-DF, aiming to solve the interoperability problem. In this article we describe the practical use of O-MI/O-DF standards for reaching interoperability in a mobile application for the smart city context, in particular for the Smart Mobility domain, electric vehicle (EV) charging case study. The proof-of-concept of the smart EV charging ecosystem with mobile application user interface was developed as a part of an EU (Horizon 2020) Project bIoTope. View Full-Text
Keywords: Internet of Things; smart city; interoperability; data exchange; messaging standards; ecosystem; O-MI; O-DF Internet of Things; smart city; interoperability; data exchange; messaging standards; ecosystem; O-MI; O-DF
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Karpenko, A.; Kinnunen, T.; Madhikermi, M.; Robert, J.; Främling, K.; Dave, B.; Nurminen, A. Data Exchange Interoperability in IoT Ecosystem for Smart Parking and EV Charging. Sensors 2018, 18, 4404. https://doi.org/10.3390/s18124404

AMA Style

Karpenko A, Kinnunen T, Madhikermi M, Robert J, Främling K, Dave B, Nurminen A. Data Exchange Interoperability in IoT Ecosystem for Smart Parking and EV Charging. Sensors. 2018; 18(12):4404. https://doi.org/10.3390/s18124404

Chicago/Turabian Style

Karpenko, Anastasiia, Tuomas Kinnunen, Manik Madhikermi, Jeremy Robert, Kary Främling, Bhargav Dave, and Antti Nurminen. 2018. "Data Exchange Interoperability in IoT Ecosystem for Smart Parking and EV Charging" Sensors 18, no. 12: 4404. https://doi.org/10.3390/s18124404

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop