Next Article in Journal
Efficient Hybrid Emergency Aware MAC Protocol for Wireless Body Sensor Networks
Next Article in Special Issue
Efficient Deployment of Multi-UAVs in Massively Crowded Events
Previous Article in Journal
Underwater Target Detection and 3D Reconstruction System Based on Binocular Vision
Previous Article in Special Issue
Development of a Multispectral Albedometer and Deployment on an Unmanned Aircraft for Evaluating Satellite Retrieved Surface Reflectance over Nevada’s Black Rock Desert
Open AccessArticle

Flying Ad Hoc Networks: A New Domain for Network Communications

Department of Information and Communication Technologies, Universidad Politécnica de Cartagena, 30202 Cartagena, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2018, 18(10), 3571;
Received: 28 September 2018 / Revised: 15 October 2018 / Accepted: 16 October 2018 / Published: 21 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Networks, Systems and Applications)
PDF [7825 KB, uploaded 23 October 2018]


The advent of flying ad hoc networks (FANETs) has opened an opportunity to create new added-value services. Even though it is clear that these networks share common features with its predecessors, e.g., with mobile ad hoc networks and with vehicular ad hoc networks, there are several unique characteristics that make FANETs different. These distinctive features impose a series of guidelines to be considered for its successful deployment. Particularly, the use of FANETs for telecommunication services presents demanding challenges in terms of quality of service, energy efficiency, scalability, and adaptability. The proper use of models in research activities will undoubtedly assist to solve those challenges. Therefore, in this paper, we review mobility, positioning, and propagation models proposed for FANETs in the related scientific literature. A common limitation that affects these three topics is the lack of studies evaluating the influence that the unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) may have in the on-board/embedded communication devices, usually just assuming isotropic or omnidirectional radiation patterns. For this reason, we also investigate in this work the radiation pattern of an 802.11 n/ac (WiFi) device embedded in a UAV working on both the 2.4 and 5 GHz bands. Our findings show that the impact of the UAV is not negligible, representing up to a 10 dB drop for some angles of the communication links. View Full-Text
Keywords: drone; unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV); flying ad hoc network (FANET); mobility models; positioning algorithms; propagation models; radiation pattern; WiFi drone; unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV); flying ad hoc network (FANET); mobility models; positioning algorithms; propagation models; radiation pattern; WiFi

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Guillen-Perez, A.; Cano, M.-D. Flying Ad Hoc Networks: A New Domain for Network Communications. Sensors 2018, 18, 3571.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Sensors EISSN 1424-8220 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top