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Thermal Infrared Pedestrian Image Segmentation Using Level Set Method
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Sensors 2017, 17(8), 1850; https://doi.org/10.3390/s17081850

Efficient Pedestrian Detection at Nighttime Using a Thermal Camera

The School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Yonsei University, Seoul 120-749, Korea
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Received: 19 May 2017 / Revised: 6 August 2017 / Accepted: 7 August 2017 / Published: 10 August 2017
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Abstract

Most of the commercial nighttime pedestrian detection (PD) methods reported previously utilized the histogram of oriented gradient (HOG) or the local binary pattern (LBP) as the feature and the support vector machine (SVM) as the classifier using thermal camera images. In this paper, we propose a new feature called the thermal-position-intensity-histogram of oriented gradient (TPIHOG or T π HOG) and developed a new combination of the T π HOG and the additive kernel SVM (AKSVM) for efficient nighttime pedestrian detection. The proposed T π HOG includes detailed information on gradient location; therefore, it has more distinctive power than the HOG. The AKSVM performs better than the linear SVM in terms of detection performance, while it is much faster than other kernel SVMs. The combined T π HOG-AKSVM showed effective nighttime PD performance with fast computational time. The proposed method was experimentally tested with the KAIST pedestrian dataset and showed better performance compared with other conventional methods. View Full-Text
Keywords: pedestrian detection; far-infrared sensor; thermal-position-intensity-histogram of oriented gradient pedestrian detection; far-infrared sensor; thermal-position-intensity-histogram of oriented gradient
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Baek, J.; Hong, S.; Kim, J.; Kim, E. Efficient Pedestrian Detection at Nighttime Using a Thermal Camera. Sensors 2017, 17, 1850.

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