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Sensors 2017, 17(4), 813;

Combining DCQGMP-Based Sparse Decomposition and MPDR Beamformer for Multi-Type Interferences Mitigation for GNSS Receivers

College of Information and Communication Engineering, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin 150001, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Vittorio M. N. Passaro
Received: 26 February 2017 / Revised: 2 April 2017 / Accepted: 4 April 2017 / Published: 10 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
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In the coexistence of multiple types of interfering signals, the performance of interference suppression methods based on time and frequency domains is degraded seriously, and the technique using an antenna array requires a large enough size and huge hardware costs. To combat multi-type interferences better for GNSS receivers, this paper proposes a cascaded multi-type interferences mitigation method combining improved double chain quantum genetic matching pursuit (DCQGMP)-based sparse decomposition and an MPDR beamformer. The key idea behind the proposed method is that the multiple types of interfering signals can be excised by taking advantage of their sparse features in different domains. In the first stage, the single-tone (multi-tone) and linear chirp interfering signals are canceled by sparse decomposition according to their sparsity in the over-complete dictionary. In order to improve the timeliness of matching pursuit (MP)-based sparse decomposition, a DCQGMP is introduced by combining an improved double chain quantum genetic algorithm (DCQGA) and the MP algorithm, and the DCQGMP algorithm is extended to handle the multi-channel signals according to the correlation among the signals in different channels. In the second stage, the minimum power distortionless response (MPDR) beamformer is utilized to nullify the residuary interferences (e.g., wideband Gaussian noise interferences). Several simulation results show that the proposed method can not only improve the interference mitigation degree of freedom (DoF) of the array antenna, but also effectively deal with the interference arriving from the same direction with the GNSS signal, which can be sparse represented in the over-complete dictionary. Moreover, it does not bring serious distortions into the navigation signal. View Full-Text
Keywords: GNSS; multi-type interferences suppression; sparse decomposition; DCQGMP; MPDR GNSS; multi-type interferences suppression; sparse decomposition; DCQGMP; MPDR

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Guo, Q.; Qi, L. Combining DCQGMP-Based Sparse Decomposition and MPDR Beamformer for Multi-Type Interferences Mitigation for GNSS Receivers. Sensors 2017, 17, 813.

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