Next Article in Journal
Strategy for Accurate Detection of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in Ground Pork Using a Lateral Flow Immunoassay
Next Article in Special Issue
A Novel Certificateless Signature Scheme for Smart Objects in the Internet-of-Things
Previous Article in Journal
Fiber Bragg Grating Measuring System for Simultaneous Monitoring of Temperature and Humidity in Mechanical Ventilation
Previous Article in Special Issue
Reverse Engineering and Security Evaluation of Commercial Tags for RFID-Based IoT Applications
Article Menu
Issue 4 (April) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle

Security Enhancement of Wireless Sensor Networks Using Signal Intervals

School of Electronics Engineering, Kyungpook National University, 80 Daehakro Buk-gu, Daegu 702701, Korea
School of Information and Communication Engineering, Chungbuk National University, 1 Chungdaero Seowon-gu, Cheongju 28644, Korea
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2017, 17(4), 752;
Received: 23 January 2017 / Revised: 24 March 2017 / Accepted: 30 March 2017 / Published: 2 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Generation Sensors Enabling and Fostering IoT)
PDF [3072 KB, uploaded 5 April 2017]


Various wireless technologies, such as RF, Bluetooth, and Zigbee, have been applied to sensor communications. However, the applications of Bluetooth-based wireless sensor networks (WSN) have a security issue. In one pairing process during Bluetooth communication, which is known as simple secure pairing (SSP), the devices are required to specify I/O capability or user interference to prevent man-in-the-middle (MITM) attacks. This study proposes an enhanced SSP in which a nonce to be transferred is converted to a corresponding signal interval. The quantization level, which is used to interpret physical signal intervals, is renewed at every connection by the transferred nonce and applied to the next nonce exchange so that the same signal intervals can represent different numbers. Even if attackers eavesdrop on the signals, they cannot understand what is being transferred because they cannot determine the quantization level. Furthermore, the proposed model does not require exchanging passkeys as data, and the devices are secure in the case of using a fixed PIN. Subsequently, the new quantization level is calculated automatically whenever the same devices attempt to connect with each other. Therefore, the pairing process can be protected from MITM attacks and be convenient for users. View Full-Text
Keywords: IoT; wireless sensor network; WPAN; Bluetooth; simple secure pairing; signal interval IoT; wireless sensor network; WPAN; Bluetooth; simple secure pairing; signal interval

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Moon, J.; Jung, I.Y.; Yoo, J. Security Enhancement of Wireless Sensor Networks Using Signal Intervals. Sensors 2017, 17, 752.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Sensors EISSN 1424-8220 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top