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Sensors 2017, 17(12), 2954; https://doi.org/10.3390/s17122954

Sulfophenyl-Functionalized Reduced Graphene Oxide Networks on Electrospun 3D Scaffold for Ultrasensitive NO2 Gas Sensor

1
State Key Laboratory of Safety and Control for Chemicals, SINOPEC Research Institute of Safety Engineering, Qingdao 266101, China
2
State Key Laboratory of Chemical Resource Engineering, P.O. Box 98, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 November 2017 / Revised: 5 December 2017 / Accepted: 9 December 2017 / Published: 19 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Carbon Materials Based Sensors and the Application)
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Abstract

Ultrasensitive room temperature real-time NO2 sensors are highly desirable due to potential threats on environmental security and personal respiratory. Traditional NO2 gas sensors with highly operated temperatures (200–600 °C) and limited reversibility are mainly constructed from semiconducting oxide-deposited ceramic tubes or inter-finger probes. Herein, we report the functionalized graphene network film sensors assembled on an electrospun three-dimensional (3D) nanonetwork skeleton for ultrasensitive NO2 sensing. The functional 3D scaffold was prepared by electrospinning interconnected polyacrylonitrile (PAN) nanofibers onto a nylon window screen to provide a 3D nanonetwork skeleton. Then, the sulfophenyl-functionalized reduced graphene oxide (SFRGO) was assembled on the electrospun 3D nanonetwork skeleton to form SFRGO network films. The assembled functionalized graphene network film sensors exhibit excellent NO2 sensing performance (10 ppb to 20 ppm) at room temperature, reliable reversibility, good selectivity, and better sensing cycle stability. These improvements can be ascribed to the functionalization of graphene with electron-withdrawing sulfophenyl groups, the high surface-to-volume ratio, and the effective sensing channels from SFRGO wrapping onto the interconnected 3D scaffold. The SFRGO network-sensing film has the advantages of simple preparation, low cost, good processability, and ultrasensitive NO2 sensing, all advantages that can be utilized for potential integration into smart windows and wearable electronic devices for real-time household gas sensors. View Full-Text
Keywords: ultrasensitive NO2 sensing; 3D scaffolds; gas sensors; electrospinning; graphene ultrasensitive NO2 sensing; 3D scaffolds; gas sensors; electrospinning; graphene
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Zou, B.; Guo, Y.; Shen, N.; Xiao, A.; Li, M.; Zhu, L.; Wan, P.; Sun, X. Sulfophenyl-Functionalized Reduced Graphene Oxide Networks on Electrospun 3D Scaffold for Ultrasensitive NO2 Gas Sensor. Sensors 2017, 17, 2954.

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