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Sensors 2017, 17(11), 2587;

Carbon-Based Nanomaterials in Biomass-Based Fuel-Fed Fuel Cells

Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM), Unter den Eichen 87, Berlin 12205, Germany
Department of Biochemical Science and Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, Kagoshima University, Kagoshima 890-0065, Japan
Department of Applied Physics, Osaka University, 2-1 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 October 2017 / Revised: 5 November 2017 / Accepted: 7 November 2017 / Published: 10 November 2017
PDF [3271 KB, uploaded 10 November 2017]


Environmental and sustainable economical concerns are generating a growing interest in biofuels predominantly produced from biomass. It would be ideal if an energy conversion device could directly extract energy from a sustainable energy resource such as biomass. Unfortunately, up to now, such a direct conversion device produces insufficient power to meet the demand of practical applications. To realize the future of biofuel-fed fuel cells as a green energy conversion device, efforts have been devoted to the development of carbon-based nanomaterials with tunable electronic and surface characteristics to act as efficient metal-free electrocatalysts and/or as supporting matrix for metal-based electrocatalysts. We present here a mini review on the recent advances in carbon-based catalysts for each type of biofuel-fed/biofuel cells that directly/indirectly extract energy from biomass resources, and discuss the challenges and perspectives in this developing field. View Full-Text
Keywords: carbon-based nanomaterials; biofuel cells; biomass; carbon nanotubes; graphene; carbon nanodots carbon-based nanomaterials; biofuel cells; biomass; carbon nanotubes; graphene; carbon nanodots

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Hoa, L.Q.; Vestergaard, M.C.; Tamiya, E. Carbon-Based Nanomaterials in Biomass-Based Fuel-Fed Fuel Cells. Sensors 2017, 17, 2587.

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