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Review

Carbon-Based Nanomaterials in Biomass-Based Fuel-Fed Fuel Cells

1
Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM), Unter den Eichen 87, Berlin 12205, Germany
2
Department of Biochemical Science and Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, Kagoshima University, Kagoshima 890-0065, Japan
3
Department of Applied Physics, Osaka University, 2-1 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2017, 17(11), 2587; https://doi.org/10.3390/s17112587
Received: 10 October 2017 / Revised: 5 November 2017 / Accepted: 7 November 2017 / Published: 10 November 2017
Environmental and sustainable economical concerns are generating a growing interest in biofuels predominantly produced from biomass. It would be ideal if an energy conversion device could directly extract energy from a sustainable energy resource such as biomass. Unfortunately, up to now, such a direct conversion device produces insufficient power to meet the demand of practical applications. To realize the future of biofuel-fed fuel cells as a green energy conversion device, efforts have been devoted to the development of carbon-based nanomaterials with tunable electronic and surface characteristics to act as efficient metal-free electrocatalysts and/or as supporting matrix for metal-based electrocatalysts. We present here a mini review on the recent advances in carbon-based catalysts for each type of biofuel-fed/biofuel cells that directly/indirectly extract energy from biomass resources, and discuss the challenges and perspectives in this developing field. View Full-Text
Keywords: carbon-based nanomaterials; biofuel cells; biomass; carbon nanotubes; graphene; carbon nanodots carbon-based nanomaterials; biofuel cells; biomass; carbon nanotubes; graphene; carbon nanodots
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hoa, L.Q.; Vestergaard, M.C.; Tamiya, E. Carbon-Based Nanomaterials in Biomass-Based Fuel-Fed Fuel Cells. Sensors 2017, 17, 2587. https://doi.org/10.3390/s17112587

AMA Style

Hoa LQ, Vestergaard MC, Tamiya E. Carbon-Based Nanomaterials in Biomass-Based Fuel-Fed Fuel Cells. Sensors. 2017; 17(11):2587. https://doi.org/10.3390/s17112587

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hoa, Le Q., Mun’delanji C. Vestergaard, and Eiichi Tamiya. 2017. "Carbon-Based Nanomaterials in Biomass-Based Fuel-Fed Fuel Cells" Sensors 17, no. 11: 2587. https://doi.org/10.3390/s17112587

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