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The Development of an IMU Integrated Clothes for Postural Monitoring Using Conductive Yarn and Interconnecting Technology

Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute, Daejeon 34129, Korea
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), Daejeon 34141, Korea
Department of Fashion & Textiles, konkuk University, Seoul 05029, Korea
BNSoft, Inc., Seoul 08378, Korea
YM-Naeultech, Incheon 22212, Korea
Korea High Tech Textile Research Institute, Yangju-si 11410, Korea
Department of Fashion & Textiles, Sangmyung University, Seoul 03016, Korea
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2017, 17(11), 2560;
Received: 29 August 2017 / Revised: 19 October 2017 / Accepted: 31 October 2017 / Published: 7 November 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wearable and Ambient Sensors for Healthcare and Wellness Applications)
PDF [3901 KB, uploaded 17 November 2017]


Spinal disease is a common yet important condition that occurs because of inappropriate posture. Prevention could be achieved by continuous posture monitoring, but most measurement systems cannot be used in daily life due to factors such as burdensome wires and large sensing modules. To improve upon these weaknesses, we developed comfortable “smart wear” for posture measurement using conductive yarn for circuit patterning and a flexible printed circuit board (FPCB) for interconnections. The conductive yarn was made by twisting polyester yarn and metal filaments, and the resistance per unit length was about 0.05 Ω/cm. An embroidered circuit was made using the conductive yarn, which showed increased yield strength and uniform electrical resistance per unit length. Circuit networks of sensors and FPCBs for interconnection were integrated into clothes using a computer numerical control (CNC) embroidery process. The system was calibrated and verified by comparing the values measured by the smart wear with those measured by a motion capture camera system. Six subjects performed fixed movements and free computer work, and, with this system, we were able to measure the anterior/posterior direction tilt angle with an error of less than 4°. The smart wear does not have excessive wires, and its structure will be optimized for better posture estimation in a later study. View Full-Text
Keywords: wearable; posture; monitor; smart wear; IMU modules; conductive yarn wearable; posture; monitor; smart wear; IMU modules; conductive yarn

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Kang, S.-W.; Choi, H.; Park, H.-I.; Choi, B.-G.; Im, H.; Shin, D.; Jung, Y.-G.; Lee, J.-Y.; Park, H.-W.; Park, S.; Roh, J.-S. The Development of an IMU Integrated Clothes for Postural Monitoring Using Conductive Yarn and Interconnecting Technology. Sensors 2017, 17, 2560.

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